Food Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons and Other Highly Food-Insecure Groups Affected by Violence
Colombia has suffered more than four decades of internal violence resulting in the displacement of millions of people; estimates range between 1.8 million and 3.7 million internally displaced people over the past 20 years.
Assessment results and past trends indicate that an average of 530,000 people require WFP food assistance each year. Many who are forced to flee do not register with the Government as displaced people because they are afraid of being stigmatized or threatened or do not meet strict criteria for registration; others are in the process of registering.
Without official registration and proper identity documents, it is difficult for displaced people to access key humanitarian and social services offered by the Government. Furthermore, threats to rural populations by illegal armed groups increasingly restrict movement and limit access to markets and agricultural land, and consequently to food and other goods.
WFP Colombia aims at reducing gaps to reach those Colombians affected by internal displacement and violence who are not covered by government programmes for IDPs and to create bridges to promote their progressive identification and transfer to these and other social based programmes. WFP also supports confined and blockaded communities, communities at risk of displacement, and IDP host communities.
This assistance combines food with other inputs, acting as an agent of change in the lives of the most vulnerable, who have lost everything, addresses at the same time the needs of the displaced and vulnerable populations who cannot be reached through government humanitarian and social sector programmes. In this context, this operation focuses on four strategic pillars:
Continued emergency support to the newly-displaced;
Focused and consolidated WFP actions with an emphasis on the nutrition and health dimensions of food security;
Joint programming and coordination with key government, United Nations system and private-sector partners;
Tracking of key themes and trends in food security so as to adapt programming modalities over time and demonstrate key results and outcomes.