The World Food Programme has been in the DRC since 1973. It currently has 415 staff, including 50 international employees in country. WFP’s operations in DRC are designed to provide food assistance to the most vulnerable people in the country’s most conflict-affected provinces (Orientale, North Kivu, South Kivu and Katanga) as well as in Equateur province where more than 90,000 Central African refugees are living.
WFP country portfolio has six main elements.
• The Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (June 2013 to December 2015) aims to assist 3.6 million people in DRC. It provides life-saving food assistance for internally displaced people in conflict-affected areas; supports the early recovery of people returning to their areas of origin; ensures children attend school by providing emergency school feeding to displaced children; reduces malnutrition through supplemental support to children aged 6-59 months as well as to pregnant and nursing women; and makes local markets more accessible to smallholder farmers.
• The second component of WFP’s operations in DRC is the regional Emergency Operation for refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR). In 2015, WFP plans to provide food assistance to some 96,000 refugees living in camps near the Ubangi River, the natural frontier between the two countries. As conflict in CAR escalates, it is expected that needs for those affected will remain high for the foreseeable future.
• The third component is WFP’s Special Operation to Strengthen Food Security Cluster Coordination. Co-lead by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation and WFP, and co-facilitated with Action against Hunger, the Food Security Cluster in DRC coordinates food security responses to displaced people and optimizes collaboration with UN agencies, non-governmental organisations, donors and other stakeholders.
• The fourth component is the Special Operation for Logistics Cluster Coordination and Information Management which provides a range of logistics support and services to the humanitarian community to ensure the efficient and coordinated delivery of humanitarian assistance.
• The fifth component is the Special Operation for the Provision of Humanitarian Air Services (UNHAS) which provides safe, reliable, efficient and cost-effective air transport services to humanitarian organizations and donor representatives in DRC.
• The sixth and final component focuses on strengthening smallholder farmers’ access to agricultural commodity markets. This is done by developing farmers’ capacity to produce and trade, as well as constructing/rehabilitating infrastructure to help farmers connect with markets and traders. It also helps build marketing infrastructure in rural areas to facilitate commodity bulking and value added transformation.