Despite the defeat of a major militia by United Nations-backed government forces in November 2013 – and the possibility for some people to return to their homes - armed groups continue to prey on areas of the east. Hundreds of thousands of people have fled their villages while many others continue to live outside the country as refugees. According to figures from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, there are some 2.6 million displaced people in DRC, 1.5 million in North and South Kivu alone.
Some 6.3 million people in DRC are food-insecure and half of the children under five years are chronically malnourished (WFP/FAO). A survey conducted in 2013 showed that, in North Kivu, six people out of ten people are food- insecure, as against three out of ten two years ago.
The DRC is rich in natural resources and is endowed with the world's second largest rain forest. However, DRC has languished at the bottom of two major indices of well-being. It ranks last on both the 2012 UNDP Human Development Index and the International Food Policy Research Institute Global Hunger Index. It is also last but one on the Fund for Peace Failed States Index (177 out of 178 countries). The national average level of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate is 11 percent, defined as ‘serious' by WHO. HIV and AIDS remain public health issues with a national HIV prevalence of 1.1 percent in 2012. Life expectancy is 48 years.