Overview

There are 2.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the country and on-going conflict continues to result in people fleeing their homes, particularly in the east of the country. There is more than 1.4 million former IDPs who returned to their homes in the past 18 months, often to find that their houses and possessions had been destroyed or looted.  An estimated 120,000 refugees live in the DRC, including more than 90,000 from neighboring Central African Republic.

A nationwide study carried out in December 2014 found that there are more than 6.5 million people – 10 percent of the population – in a situation of acute food insecurity. Most of the food insecure people live in the conflict affected provinces of Eastern DRC.

According to the results of the May 2014 Demographic and Health Survey, 8 percent of children under the age of five - nearly 1 million children - suffer from acute malnutrition and 43 percent - or about 6 million children – suffer from chronic malnutrition. Child mortality rates are among the highest in the world. The country ranks 186 out of 187 on the latest Human Development Index.

The DRC is rich in natural resources and is endowed with the world's second largest rain forest. However, decades of war and mismanagement have resulted in economic stagnation and a deterioration of its infrastructure. Food insecurity affects many throughout the country. People’s needs are immense in the DRC due to extreme poverty, ongoing armed conflicts, poor access to services, and limited or even nonexistent infrastructure. The country is ranked fourth (174 out of 178) in the Failed States Index compiled by Fund for Peace. Until 2012, the DRC was ranked last in the International Food Policy Research Institute Global Hunger Index. 

 

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