Overall, in 2013 food security situation of rural households in Djibouti has improved compared to last year but remains critical. An estimated population of almost 90,000 people remains in need of food assistance over the next twelve months. Households most affected by severe and moderate food insecurity are spread across the five regions. The highest proportion is in Ali Sabieh (85% of the population in the region), followed by Dikhil (70%) and Obock (67%). Geographical trends are in line with the results of the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) rural conducted in 2012.
The causes of such high food insecurity are mainly associated to chronic poverty boosted by low income, limited job opportunities, high food prices which never reduced since the spills registered in 2008, and recurrent drought inhibiting renovation of pastures and grazing resources; this latter is the main cause of the on-going contraction of the livestock population in rural Djibouti.