Publications
Cash and Vouchers, Capacity Building, Refugees and IDPs, Focus on Women, Gender, Nutrition
22 July 2014

In 2011, the World Food Programme (WFP) implemented the “Food, Cash, and Voucher Program” in Ecuador to improve food security and also to determine which modality of food assistance was the most cost effective, for the local context, cash, vouchers, or food rations. To promote the role of women in household decision-making on food consumption and nutrition, the program prioritized women in the targeting of the transfers.

Studies in Latin America reveal that cash transfers directed at women can have an impact on intra-household dynamics, reducing physical and psychological violence, but may also increase instances of threats and verbal abuse.  However, economic models and empirical studies have not come to a clear conclusion on the linkages between women’s income and intimate partner violence (IPV). Given the program’s focus on women’s empowerment and existing evidence on the impact of cash transfers on IPV, IFPRI and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine conducted a study on the impact of transfers on intra-household relationships during the WFP program, with a focus on IPV.

Among the conclusions, the study states the high prevalence of IPV in the sample. Participation in the program decreased different types of IPV, including controlling behavior, moderate physical violence, and severe physical or sexual violence by 38 to 43 percent, regardless of transfer modality (cash, vouchers, or food).

The transfers appeared to improve women's capacity to make decisions about food consumption and household nutrition, which in turn affected women's self-perception as heads of their households. Finally, framing the transfers as a program to improve nutrition might have reduced the possibility of violent reactions by men to increases in women's empowerment.

WFP Publication, P4P Stories from the field, Cash and Vouchers, Crop Production, Food Consumption, Market Analysis, Capacity Building, Monitoring, Climate Change, National Capacity, Qualitative Analysis, Refugees and IDPs, Focus on Women, Urban Food Insecurity, Gender, Nutrition, School Meals
24 April 2014

WFP’s role in Ecuador includes strengthening capacities and becoming a learning office. As generating evidence and informing public policy is a stated priority of the Government of Ecuador, and a recognized role for the international cooperation, WFP works with local governments to understand the underlying causes of hunger and malnutrition and the capacities that exist to address the main determinants of malnutrition.
Recent efforts in knowledge generation include:
• On-the-job learning to allow for innovation and understanding of what works in different contexts;
• Exchanging of experiences with partners and beneficiaries to identify how WFP can improve activities on an ongoing basis; and
• Learning from rigorous studies and impact evaluations, conducted jointly with respected research institutions.

The 2013 Ecuador Annual Report highlights lessons and learning, but also results as WFP works with the Government of Ecuador to make malnutrition a visible issue at the top of public policy agendas.

Cash and Vouchers, Emergency Assessments, Food Consumption, Capacity Building, Monitoring, Climate Change, National Capacity, Qualitative Analysis, Emergencies, Refugees and IDPs, Floods, Focus on Women, Urban Food Insecurity, Food Security Analysis, Gender, Nutrition, School Meals
22 May 2013

Ecuador WFP Ecuador’s 2012 Annual Report documents a compilation of best practices in learning, innovation, and improved tools to reach the most vulnerable and improve their food and nutrition security. With the aim of being the partner of choice that builds the resilience of poor communities in the face of natural disasters, climate change, and food and nutrition insecurity, WFP in Ecuador has worked with the national and local governments to foster innovation, improve tools and take proven solutions to scale.

Cash and Vouchers, Crop Production, Livelihoods, Capacity Building, National Capacity, Focus on Women, Nutrition, Procurement, School Meals
24 August 2012

WFP aims to generate evidence-based food and nutrition security models which are cost-effective and environmentally sound. Through a participatory process with local governments, WFP will support local capabilities to implement innovative nutrition packages which improve the dietary diversity and micronutrient status of children, women and vulnerable groups. The project will catalyze small holder participation to leverage public and private markets, in particular local safety-net programmes. Targeted provinces: Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Pichincha, Santa Elena.

Cash and Vouchers, Capacity Building, Monitoring, Climate Change, National Capacity, Emergencies, Refugees and IDPs, Focus on Women, Urban Food Insecurity, Nutrition, School Meals
24 August 2012

WFP’s goal in Ecuador is to be an innovative partner, support government policies and priorities, contribute to food sovereignty, food and nutrition security of vulnerable people, and gender equality.  The Strategy for 2012-2016 outlines an approach with national and local governments, communities and all the sectors involved in food and nutrition security. Representatives of 15 government agencies participated in developing the Strategy, in line with the priorities of the Government’s National Development Plan and the 2008 Constitution.

Capacity Building, Climate Change, National Capacity, Emergencies, Refugees and IDPs, Focus on Women, Gender, Nutrition
31 May 2012

In Ecuador, WFP supports national efforts to promote food and nutrition security, and the government’s food sovereignty priorities. WFP prioritizes participatory collaboration with governments, communities, the private sector and others who share the aim to improve food and nutrition security for all.
The Government of Ecuador endorsed WFP’s strategy for 2012–2016, supporting a collaborative process involving representatives of 15 ministries. The strategy was developed to closely align WFP efforts in support of the priorities outlined in the government’s National Development Plan, the 2008 Constitution, the working framework of the United Nations (UNDAF), and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Cash and Vouchers, Ambassadors & Celebrities, Capacity Building, Climate Change, National Capacity, Emergencies, Refugees and IDPs, Focus on Women, Gender, Nutrition
31 May 2012

In close coordination with the government, the WFP Country Office in Ecuador undertook a series of projects in favour of vulnerable populations. Assistance to Colombian refugees and their host communities in the northern border; the Cash and Voucher project; an initiative on adaptation to Climate Change with funding from the Adaptation Fund, were central to WFP’s work during 2011. Click on the link below to read this annual report available in English and Spanish.