WFP Activities


WFP’s activities are intended to contribute towards the Government of Ethiopia’s five-year development agenda, the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP), through which the Government continues to address food insecurity in the country.

In order to address chronic food insecurity, WFP is a major partner in Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) and assists 1.3 million rural dwellers in generating community assets. Launched in 2005, PSNP provides transfers of food or cash, or a combination of both, to help bridge food deficit periods and to ensure people do not sell off their assets in order to meet basic food needs.  In exchange, they participate in public works such as natural resource management and development of basic social infrastructures (e.g. rural feeder roads, schools, clinics, etc.)

The Horn of Africa drought crisis in 2011 had a big impact on the food security situation in Ethiopia, particularly in southern and south-eastern parts.  According to a multi-agency assessment, 3.2 million people require relief food assistance from January to June 2012.  WFP covers the needs of 2.6 million through its Relief programme while the other 800,000 people in need receive food assistance from the NGO consortium, the Joint Emergency Operation Programme (JEOP).

WFP provides food assistance to 320,000 Somali, Sudanese and Eritrean refugees. Due to the number of Somali refugees at the Dolo Ado refugee camp in Southern Ethiopia registering high malnutrition rates, WFP operates a blanket supplementary food programme in the camps, providing fortified food rations to all children under five years of age. In addition, WFP is distributing High Energy Biscuits at the pre-registration centre to children under-five and pregnant and nursing women.

WFP also provides food assistance to people affected by HIV/AIDS, pregnant and nursing mothers, and children suffering from malnutrition. A number of WFP's global pilot projects, such as Purchase for Progress (P4P) and the Risk Insurance project have been launched in Ethiopia.

WFP Ethiopia’s Development Programme consists of two core components: School Meals and MERET (Managing Environmental Resources to Enable Transition), a programme supporting sustainable land and water management practices to increase productivity in food-insecure communities.

MERET has been recognized at various international Climate Conferences as a model for confronting climate change. It has great potential for countries that are vulnerable to climactic shocks - and it shows that community-based land and water management can reverse environmental degradation and improve long-term food security.

Through the School Meals programme, WFP provides a daily hot meal to nearly 700,000 school children. This promotes increased attendance and enrollment and reduces drop outs in food insecure areas in Ethiopia.  In addition, the programme supports formal education by developing schools into community resource centres that promote good nutrition and environmental awareness.

WFP plans to assist 6.5 million people spanning every region of the country in 2012.

WFP Offices
Threats to food security
  • Rainfall patterns (droughts and floods)
  • Land degradation (deforestation and soil erosion)
  • Population density
  • Infrastructure development
  • Insecurity and conflict
  • Poverty
  • Fall in world prices of cash crops