WFP Guinea-Bissau assists rural, vulnerable groups facing chronic food and nutrition insecurity in order to build resilience to future shocks. WFP protracted and relief activities prioritise efforts to address malnutrition, which remains a major public health challenge in Guinea-Bissau and severely limits human development. The main causes of malnutrition include poor infant and young child feeding practices and high levels of food insecurity, as well as poor access to health services, clean water, sanitation and hygiene. The PRRO has three components: Health & Nutrition, School Feeding and Rural Development.
Nutrition activities target children under five years, pregnant and lactating women, individuals living with HIV under ART and people affected by tuberculosis under DOTS treatment, along with their food insecure families.
WFP also provides food assistance to children through school feeding activities and by implementing rural development interventions, with a focus on protecting and enhancing livelihoods and reinforcing the resilience of the most food insecure communities. Through asset creation and/or rehabilitation, WFP supports the restoration of the rice production infrastructure to improve access to nutritional foods and create market opportunities and investments along the agricultural value chain.
Due to the food security situation in the country, WFP implements an Immediate Response Emergency Operation (IR-EMOP), comprising a general food distribution intervention for vulnerable populations affected by the poor cashew campaign in the three most affected regions of the country: Biombo (sector of Quinhamel), Oio (sectors of Bissora, Farim and Mansaba) and Quinara (sectors of Empada and Tite). A June 2013 Rapid Food Security Assessment identified these most affected regions, which also have the highest rate of food insecurity according to a March 2011 Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Assessment (CFSVA). These landlocked regions also have the highest stocks of cashew nut because traders cannot reach them. The intervention is being carried out from mid-August to mid-October to provide immediate support to vulnerable populations and to carry them through the lean season.
WFP uses a comprehensive Results Based Management (RBM) system, which aims to reinforce WFP Monitoring & Evaluation capacity, assess the impact on the lives of beneficiaries and finalise the preparatory phase for the implementation of a Food Security Monitoring System, which will monitor vulnerable population food security situation and make recommendations to policy makers.