Honduras, a low-income food deficit country of 7.5 million people, is the third poorest country in Latin America and the Caribbean.  One-third of the population lives on less than one dollar a day. An estimated 1.5 million Hondurans face hunger, and recurrent natural disasters continue to threaten the most vulnerable people.

Honduras is one of the most vulnerable countries to natural disasters in the world and extreme weather conditions frequently contribute to the problem of food insecurity. Hurricanes and prolonged heavy rains ruin crops and can prevent access to food and other basic necessities.

Prolonged droughts every other year have affected the food and nutritional security of the most vulnerable populations in the southern and western regions of Honduras.  These regions are characterized by environmental degradation, and include a high concentration of small-scale subsistence farmers. These droughts have caused a sharp decrease in the production of basic grains—crops much of the population relies on for basic survival.

Chronic malnutrition can reach 48.5 percent in rural areas, with a stunting rate of 34 percent.

The HIV/AIDS pandemic is a serious and growing threat for the country. It is estimated that 0.70 percent of the population lives with HIV/AIDS.

Honduras ranks 112th of 177 countries in the UNDP Human Development Index.