Kenya largely depends on rain-fed agriculture for its food requirements, relying on the two main rain seasons namely the March–May long rains and October–December short rains. About 80 percent of the land is arid or semi-arid.
Improved rainfall in the last two seasons has seen the number of people in need of food assistance gradually decrease. From November, WFP and the Government of Kenya will provide food assistance to 1.1 million people, down from 2.1 million people targeted for support earlier in 2013. This number includes 850,000 identified during the long rains (March-May 2013) assessment as being food-insecure and people who were previously under the food assistance for assets activities (using food and cash transfers) and who will continue receiving support to ensure sustained resilience through asset creation.
WFP operations in Kenya support the Government's efforts to implement all eight Millennium Development Goals and Kenya’s Vision 2030, the national development blueprint. WFP activities are aligned to the second medium term plan (2013-2017) of Vision 2030.
WFP operations include providing support to more than half a million refugees in the Dadaab and Kakuma refugee camps in northeastern and northwestern Kenya, respectively. The refugee operation currently faces serious funding shortfalls and this has resulted in food rations being cut for November and December in order to stretch existing stocks to last longer.
WFP is gradually transitioning from short-term interventions to recovery initiatives to create assets at community and household levels. Through these actions, WFP, in collaboration with the Government of Kenya, helps people to improve their resilience and adaptability to climate change while encouraging them to invest in their future. Currently, 70 percent of the interventions are in resilience-building with some 700,000 people benefitting from these projects, either through food distributions or cash transfers. Read more… http://www.wfp.org/food-assetshttp://www.wfp.org/cash-and-vouchers
School meals remain an important safety net for many communities. WFP recently launched a Cash Transfers to Schools pilot project to test the viability of using cash assistance rather than in-kind food in school meals programmes in arid areas. The pilot is being tested as a model for the Government’s Home-Grown School Feeding Programme in arid areas, and will facilitate the transition from WFP support to government support in these areas.
WFP provides school meals to 600,500 children in 1,700 schools in the northern arid districts and in the slums of Nairobi. WFP also provides a mid-morning meal for all primary and pre-primary school children at the refugee camps and a take-home ration for girls to encourage their enrolment and attendance.
In the semi-arid regions of the country, Kenya’s Ministry of Education is feeding another 750,000 school children through the Home-Grown School Feeding programme. Having previously managed the programme, WFP is now building the capacity of the Government to oversee it, particularly in areas such as procurement, and monitoring and evaluation.