Food security in DPRK remains fragile and susceptible to any shocks, especially affecting in-country food production. The July 2013 WFP project review showed improvement in household food consumption patterns, especially a shift from ‘borderline’ food consumption category towards ‘acceptable’ category. Currently 38% belong to the ‘borderline’, 40% to ‘acceptable’, and 21% in the ‘poor’ category. Situation remains, however, still below the 2009 and 2010 situation. The main bottlenecks in food consumption are low consumption of protein, particularly from animal sources, and oil. Still some two-thirds of the households consume low diversity diet, containing less than 4.5 food groups out of 8 possible. The 2012 nutrition survey found similar inadequate dietary diversity among young children and their mothers.
Based on Government’s figures, production from 2013 early crops was 78% of the target production set by CFSAM 2012 and was almost double compared to the 2012 production that was low due to dry spells. The main early crop is potato. WFP’s main concerns remain the low protein, fat and micronutrient intake.
Food security situation is expected to remain stable but still fragile during the first quarter of 2014 assuming at least 2012 level food production in the country.