Publications
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
30 April 2015
  • The use of negative coping strategies remained stable in April.
  • National food prices remained stable. However, the price of imported rice, local rice and palm oil increased significantly in Lofa County.
  • Wage rates fell by a seasonal 3 percent, and purchasing power also fell by 3 percent.
  • Markets are open and functional, but they are operating at reduced levels.
Market Analysis, Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
28 April 2015

This bulletin provides information on price changes for the most commonly consumed staples and their potential impacts on the cost of the basic food basket.

Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 March 2015
  • In March, households in Lofa used fewer negative coping strategies than in February. The counties with highest levels of negative coping include Bomi, Grand Cape Mount, Gbarpolu and Lofa.
  • Negative coping strategies are most frequently used by the poorest households, by those living in Ebola-affected rural areas and by households headed by women.
  • Imported and local rice prices remained stable. As the land preparation season advances, wage rates are improving (+3% compared to February).
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 March 2015
  • In March, households in Lofa county, Liberia used fewer negative coping strategies than in February. The counties with highest levels of negative coping include Bomi, Grand Cape Mount, Gbarpolu and Lofa. In Sierra Leone, negative coping is highest in the districts of Kailahun, Kono, Bombali, Tonkolili and Koinadugu.
  • Negative coping strategies are most frequently used by the poorest households, by those living in Ebola-affected rural areas and by households headed by women.
  • Imported and local rice prices remained stable in Liberia but increased modestly in Sierra Leone. As the land preparation season advances, wage rates are improving in both Liberia (+3%) and Sierra Leone (+7%).
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 March 2015

Every month, WFP and FAO issue an information note on food security trends and humanitarian implications in West Africa. The bulletin offers analysis of food availability international and regional market trends, and provides updates on household food security in the region. Recommendations are made for humanitarian interventions. The bulletin is published in both French and English.

Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
28 February 2015
  • In February, households in Liberia and Sierra Leone used the same number or fewer negative coping strategies than in January. Food security continues to improve thanks to the recent harvest and lower incidences of Ebola. However, the poorest households in both countries used more coping strategies than in January.
  • In Liberia, negative coping strategies are most prevalent in the northern and western counties of Lofa, Bomi, Gbarpolu and Grand Cape Mount. In Sierra Leone, coping is highest in the districts of Bombali, Koinandugu and Tonkolili in the north. Monrovia and Freetown continue to be relatively better off.
  • Liberia opened its land borders on 22 February 2015. All three Ebola-affected countries now have open land borders, allowing trade to resume. While there are signs that markets and trade are recovering, high staple food prices and low wages are hampering food access in north-west Liberia and northern Sierra Leone.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
28 February 2015
  • In February, households in Liberia used the same number or fewer negative coping strategies than in January. Food security continues to improve thanks to the recent harvest and lower incidences of Ebola. However, the poorest households used more coping strategies than in January.
  • Negative coping strategies are most prevalent in the northern and western counties of Lofa, Bomi, Gbarpolu and Grand Cape Mount.
  • Liberia opened its land borders on 22 February 2015, allowing trade to resume. While there are signs that markets and trade are recovering, high staple food prices and low wages are hampering food access in north-west Liberia.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 January 2015
  • Households in Monrovia used fewer coping strategies in January than in December. However, negative coping levels remained high in Lofa and Bong counties. Poorer households and households headed by women are the most food insecure.
  • Local and domestic rice prices were stable in January, and wage levels improved. As the land preparation season begins (January-May), labour and agricultural input markets should continue to be monitored to assess prospects for the 2015 crop.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 January 2015
  • Households in Freetown and Monrovia used fewer negative coping strategies in January than in December. The same was true in Eastern Province, Sierra Leone. However, negative coping levels remained high in Lofa in Liberia, in Northern Province in Sierra Leone, and in Guinea’s Forest region. Households headed by women are most vulnerable to food insecurity.
  • Local rice prices for January dropped slightly in Guinea and were stable in Liberia, but they increased slightly in Sierra Leone. Palm oil prices are recovering in Forest Guinea and in eastern Sierra Leone. The lifting of movement restrictions is bolstering the recovery of markets and trade in Sierra Leone and Liberia.
  • Wage rates for January improved in Liberia, but they continued to drop in Sierra Leone and Guinea, limiting access to food for wage labour-dependent households. As the land preparation season approaches, labour and agricultural input markets should continue to be monitored to assess prospects for the 2015 crop.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 December 2014
  • Households continue to rely on high levels of negative coping in Lofa, a county that was generally food secure before the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak.
  • High levels of negative coping and declining terms of trade were observed in December in the western zone including the counties of Grand Cape Mount, Gbaroplu and Bomi, where EVD transmission continues.
  • By contrast, people were resorting to fewer negative coping mechanisms in the central zone that includes the counties of Bong, Margibi and Nimba.
  • Although there are signs of recovery with the reopening of markets and roadways, the effects of EVD on food security may outlast the EVD epidemic.