Current issues and what the World Food Programme is doing
What are the current issues in Pakistan
The World Food Programme (WFP) Pakistan continues to build partnerships and coordinate interventions with the Government, United Nations agencies, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and donors. WFP co-leads the Food Security Cluster with FAO, and is part of the Cluster’s Cash and Voucher Working Group. Under the One-UN Programme, WFP chairs the Information and Communications Technology working group as well as leads the Strategic Priority Area 6 (SPA-6), which addresses food and nutrition security for the most vulnerable, and is a member agency of the Strategic Priority Areas 3 focusing on enhancing national resilience to disasters, crises and external shocks. The WFP-led Logistics and Emergency Telecommunications Clusters are on standby, ready to be activated in case of an emergency.
The Government of Pakistan as Donor and Partner
As pledged by the Economic Coordination Committee - following on from the previous year’s contribution of 73,000 metric tons of wheat from the federal and provincial Governments of Sindh and Balochistan – the Government of Pakistan has donated 150,000 metric tons of wheat to WFP in 2013. Valued at US$52 million (PKR 5.5 billion), this contribution placed Pakistan as WFP’s second largest donor in the country in 2013 (Pakistan ranked the 20th largest donor to WFP globally in 2012).
The significant contributions from the Government have been utilized for the provision of life-saving food assistance in flood affected districts and in support of families impacted by law enforcement operations as well as subsequent early recovery projects in afflicted areas in the north-west and can serve as a model for other governments on how to enhance contributions to their own operations. The generous donation from the Government of Pakistan was complemented by international donors who provided funds for milling, fortification, transportation and distribution. WFP Pakistan has been in discussion with all relevant authorities for a new contribution from the Government for the year 2014.
WFP is the largest international humanitarian agency providing food assistance in the country and, together with partners, has been closely collaborating with the Government of Pakistan at both federal and provincial levels to align its strategies with national priorities addressing food and nutrition security as well as enhance national disaster preparedness and response. WFP works closely with the Ministry of National Food Security and Research on achieving the “Right to Food” for all Pakistanis.
WFP Pakistan continues to build partnerships and coordinate interventions with the Government, UN agencies, NGOs and donors. WFP co-leads the Food Security Cluster with FAO, and is part of the Cluster’s Cash and Voucher Working Group. Under the One-UN Programme, WFP chairs the Information and Communications Technology working group as well as leads the Strategic Priority Area 6 (SPA-6), which addresses food and nutrition security for the most vulnerable, and is a member agency of the Strategic Priority Areas 3 focusing on enhancing national resilience to disasters, crises and external shocks. The WFP-led Logistics and Emergency Telecommunications Clusters are on standby, ready to be activated in case of an emergency.
What the World Food Programme is doing in Pakistan
Present in the country since 1968,WFP assistance in the country aims to complement the Government’s efforts in enhancing food security and nutrition amongst vulnerable populations and provides technical support in developing relevant national strategies. The project also encompassed community resilience building, disaster risk reduction, disaster risk management and preparedness elements with a view to sustainability and national ownership. The programme of work is designed to reinforce Government initiatives, support the objectives of the Millennium Development Goals and align with the strategic priorities of the One-UN Operational Plan II (OPII).
Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO): Enhancing food and nutrition security and rebuilding social cohesion
(January 2013 to December 2015 – Total Value: US$535 million- Beneficiaries: 8.3 million)
In January 2013, WFP introduced a new prioritized programme of work in Pakistan: a three-year protracted relief and recovery operation valued at US$535 million through which it assisted nearly 4 million beneficiaries during 2013 and targets 3.4 million people in 2014. Assistance is concentrated in the north-west where challenging food and nutrition security situation and socio-economic indicators as well as law and order operations coincide, and districts elsewhere in the country where the nutrition situation is of concern.
WFP works closely with the Government and other partners to jointly assess and analyze the needs of the population prior to, during and at the end of the assistance period. WFP also conducts regular direct monitoring missions to evaluate impact of the assistance provided, ensure accountability and inform programme decisions going forward.
Specific components of this three-year operation include:
Relief and early recovery assistance to communities affected by law enforcement operations in FATA, in ways that promote economic opportunities and social inclusion (including support for livelihoods and the government education system). These activities currently target over 1 million temporarily displaced persons including those who have been able to return to their areas of origin. Moreover, approximately 300,000 families will benefit from interventions focused on rebuilding productive assets and livelihood recovery activities. Some 250,000 students will be assisted with WFP’s school feeding programme, which uses fortified foods to increase micronutrient intake while encouraging children to stay in school.
Nutrition is a priority area and programmes are designed to stem the decline in nutrition by treating and preventing acute malnutrition and preventing stunting, thereby addressing an urgent issue with considerable social and economic implications. WFP nutrition interventions capitalize on local capacities as well as technical expertise and provide locally developed and produced supplementary foods. These activities target children less than 5 years of age and pregnant and nursing women who are most vulnerable to undernutrition.
Measures to build resilience and reduce risk exposure for communities residing in some of the country’s most hazard-prone locations utilizing cash transfers target over 800,000 people.
Recovery support for communities hit hardest by the 2012 monsoon floods in Sindh and Balochistan includes targeted nutritional interventions for approximately 180,000 affected individuals, as well as livelihood support and recovery activities using cash transfers for nearly 300,000 beneficiaries.
WFP’s co-investment with the Government of Pakistan in close collaboration with the National Disaster Management Authority and its provincial and district counterparts in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Disaster Risk Management (DRM) and preparedness is notable. DRM activities are aligned with the national framework, and focus on building local and national institutional capacity with a view to sustainability and national ownership. Building community resilience in disaster-prone areas is a national DRR priority; cash-based livelihood activities support the construction and repair of community infrastructure such as dams and drainage canals. Interventions utilizing food assistance help returnees and communities affected by law and order operations to reestablish their livelihoods and assets. The programme also comprises of a training element to help improve agricultural practices and production as well as post-harvest techniques with view to achieving sustainable food security.
Local Purchase and Production
WFP has developed partnerships with the public and private sectors in Pakistan to procure food locally and invest in specialized food processing. WFP works with commercial producers to increase the availability in markets of iodized salt, fortified wheat flour and other specialized products with a view to increasing vitamin and mineral intake and purchases the vast majority of commodities for its food assistance from Pakistani producers. In addition, WFP’s initiative in developing and producing specialized nutritious products meeting international standards for the treatment and prevention of malnutrition – Achamum, Wawamum, High Energy Biscuits (HEBs) - has the added benefit of stimulating the economy and employment and raising food safety standards while presenting a cost-effective alternative to WFP. Products from Pakistan have also been deployed to Afghanistan and an opportunity exists to expand such deliveries to other countries.
WFP’s nutritional product development in Pakistan has become a model for other countries and plays an important role in decreasing child malnutrition throughout the region.
Furthermore, WFP mills wheat and locally fortifies it with an enhanced vitamin and mineral premix to improve food security and reduce undernutrition. Along with key actors, WFP has been working on supporting a national strategy for wheat flour fortification - an inexpensive, effective, and easily achievable local nutrition intervention - building up local capacity to mill and fortify wheat donated to WFP by the Government of Pakistan.
Special Operation (SO): 200707
Under Special Operation (SO) 200707, WFP has been developing a network of Humanitarian Response Facilities to augment the emergency and disaster response capacity of the government and the international humanitarian community in Pakistan.
The project includes the installation of such facilities in 8 designated strategic (hazard prone) locations at the provincial level: Muzaffargharh (Punjab) and Quetta (Balochistan) – completed and handed over to respective provincial governments; Lahore (Northern Punjab) to be completed in December 2014; Hyderabad (Southern Sindh) to be completed in February/March 2015; and Peshawar (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) to be completed in March/April 2015. Construction sites have been identified for the remaining facilities in Sukkur (Upper Sindh), Muzaffarabad (Azad Jammu Kashmir) and Gilgit (Gilgit Baltistan). Construction will commence subject to funding availability.
SO 200741 was launched in response to the activation of the logistics cluster for the provision of common humanitarian services to the relief response for the NWA IDPs. The SO was closed on 26 October 2014.
PROJECT DOCUMENT INFORMATION
PROJECT LIFECYCLE RESOURCING*
6 MONTHS PROJECT REQUIREMENTS**
Total C&V requirements
Total requirements US$
Total received US$
Total C&V requirements US$
SO 200707: Logistics Cluster Coordination to Support the Humanitarian Community & Enhancement Emergency Preparedness response Capacity
SO 200741: Logistics Cluster Augmentation in Support of the Humanitarian Response to IDPs From North Waziristan
Jun14 – Sept 14
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