Overview

Rwanda is a low-income, food-deficit and least developed country, and ranks 167 (out of 187 countries) on the UNDP Human Development Index for 2013. Rwanda has one of the highest population densities in Africa, with 416 people per square kilometre. Its population increases at an annual rate of 2.6 percent; currently the total population stands at 11.2 million. Rwanda has a limited natural resource base, and the main sector is agriculture, which contributes to over 33 percent of the national GDP and generates 80 percent of total export revenue. Agricultural transformation has been identified as the main pillar for achieving economic development and food security. Rwanda plans to attain a per capita income of US$1,240 by the year 2020 from the current level of US$644. Despite its impressive economic recovery with an annual GDP growth of 7.2 percent since 2010, household food insecurity continues to be a major challenge. According to the Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (December 2012) and a recent Nutrition Survey (2012), the prevalence of chronic malnutrition among children under 5 years of age is still high at 43 percent. But this is an improvement compared to the findings of a survey seven years ago, where stunting was 51 percent. The northern and western areas of the country bordering Lake Kivu and along the Congo Nile Crest are the most affected areas, with rates of stunting at over 60 percent. Life expectancy in Rwanda is 55.7 years, households headed by women or orphans account for 36 percent of the population. Currently Rwanda is home to over 70,000 refugees mainly from eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, hosted in four camps and one transit centre. Security in the region remains precarious, particularly in eastern DRC, thus reducing the prospects of repatriation of the refugees in the near future. Rwanda signed a cessation clause to end the refugee status of around 70,000 Rwandans still living as refugees and asylum seekers in the neighbouring countries including DRC, Uganda and other African countries. Since the 1994 genocide and the following total collapse of Rwanda's civil society, economy and social services, the government has embarked on rebuilding the country and improving the quality of life of the population. Good governance, productive and market-oriented agriculture, and regional and international economic integration are three of the six pillars of the Rwanda Vision 2020. Rwanda was also the first country to sign the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) compact and to secure funding, thus confirming malnutrition and food insecurity as one of the government's key priorities.

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Country at a glance 2014
Planned Beneficiaries107,900
Beneficiary needs (mt)20,333
Beneficiary needs ($US)28,929,679