Publications
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
29 April 2015

The WFP Seasonal Monitor examines satellite imagery of rainfall and vegetation in order to assess the development of the growing season and how such conditions might impact the lives and livelihoods of the resident populations. Real time satellite data streams and seasonal forecasts are analyzed to highlight potential developments that may be of  humanitarian concern.

This Seasonal Monitor webpage provides real time satellite data streams and seasonal forecasts to highlight changes in the progression of the agricultural season that may be of concern. This analysis is also presented in Power Point and report format.

Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 March 2015
  • Imported and local rice prices increased modestly in March. A recovery in economic activity is leading to an improvement in unskilled wage rates (up 7 percent compared to February).
  • The households who are depending the most on negative coping strategies are in the districts of Kailahun, Kono, Bombali, Tonkolili and Koinadugu.
  • March data continues to show that negative coping strategies are most frequently used by the poorest households, by those living in Ebola-affected rural areas and by households headed by women.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 March 2015
  • In March, households in Lofa county, Liberia used fewer negative coping strategies than in February. The counties with highest levels of negative coping include Bomi, Grand Cape Mount, Gbarpolu and Lofa. In Sierra Leone, negative coping is highest in the districts of Kailahun, Kono, Bombali, Tonkolili and Koinadugu.
  • Negative coping strategies are most frequently used by the poorest households, by those living in Ebola-affected rural areas and by households headed by women.
  • Imported and local rice prices remained stable in Liberia but increased modestly in Sierra Leone. As the land preparation season advances, wage rates are improving in both Liberia (+3%) and Sierra Leone (+7%).
Market Analysis, Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 March 2015

WFP’s food security analysis/VAM service is actively monitoring the food security situation across the three primary countries affected by Ebola: Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. Various assessments are ongoing to better understand the impact of the crisis on food markets and households’ food security. Such information is critical for informing governments’ policies and programmes and the broader humanitarian response.

Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
28 February 2015
  • In February, households in Liberia and Sierra Leone used the same number or fewer negative coping strategies than in January. Food security continues to improve thanks to the recent harvest and lower incidences of Ebola. However, the poorest households in both countries used more coping strategies than in January.
  • In Liberia, negative coping strategies are most prevalent in the northern and western counties of Lofa, Bomi, Gbarpolu and Grand Cape Mount. In Sierra Leone, coping is highest in the districts of Bombali, Koinandugu and Tonkolili in the north. Monrovia and Freetown continue to be relatively better off.
  • Liberia opened its land borders on 22 February 2015. All three Ebola-affected countries now have open land borders, allowing trade to resume. While there are signs that markets and trade are recovering, high staple food prices and low wages are hampering food access in north-west Liberia and northern Sierra Leone.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
28 February 2015
  • In February, households in Sierra Leone used fewer negative coping strategies than in January. Food security continues to improve thanks to the recent harvest and measures to control Ebola.
  • Coping is highest in the districts of Bombali, Koinadugu and Tonkolili in the north. Use of negative coping strategies fell significantly in the districts of Bo (in the south) and Kenema (in the east). Residents of Freetown continue to be relatively better off.
  • Local and imported rice prices rose slightly in February. Wage rates declined, especially in the south and in Port Loko/Kambia, because of reduced demand for labour as the rice harvest ends. High staple food prices and low wages are hampering food access in northern Sierra Leone.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 January 2015
  • Households in Freetown and Eastern Province used fewer coping strategies in January than in December, but negative coping levels remained high in Northern Province. Households headed by women are most vulnerable to food insecurity.
  • In January, local rice prices increased slightly in Sierra Leone. Palm oil prices are recovering in eastern parts of the country. The lifting of movement restrictions is bolstering the recovery of markets and trade.
  • Wage rates for January continued to drop, limiting access to food for wage labour-dependent households. As the land preparation season approaches, labour and agricultural input markets should continue to be monitored to assess prospects for the 2015 crop.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 January 2015
  • Households in Freetown and Monrovia used fewer negative coping strategies in January than in December. The same was true in Eastern Province, Sierra Leone. However, negative coping levels remained high in Lofa in Liberia, in Northern Province in Sierra Leone, and in Guinea’s Forest region. Households headed by women are most vulnerable to food insecurity.
  • Local rice prices for January dropped slightly in Guinea and were stable in Liberia, but they increased slightly in Sierra Leone. Palm oil prices are recovering in Forest Guinea and in eastern Sierra Leone. The lifting of movement restrictions is bolstering the recovery of markets and trade in Sierra Leone and Liberia.
  • Wage rates for January improved in Liberia, but they continued to drop in Sierra Leone and Guinea, limiting access to food for wage labour-dependent households. As the land preparation season approaches, labour and agricultural input markets should continue to be monitored to assess prospects for the 2015 crop.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 December 2014
  • Ebola-induced food insecurity remains a concern in northern and eastern areas of Sierra Leone. Households in these areas have been using negative coping strategies more frequently than those in other parts of the country.
  • Compared to November, wage-to-rice terms of trade have deteriorated in parts of the country that are experiencing continued Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission.
  • Thanks to the harvest, the prices of basic foodstuffs appear to have dropped in Sierra Leone between November and December. However, markets are still being disrupted by movement restrictions, resulting in lower stocks and reduced operating levels.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
18 December 2014
  • Households are continuing to rely on high levels of negative coping mechanisms in Kailahun, Sierra Leone, and in Lofa County, Liberia – areas that were food-secure before the crisis. Ebola-induced food insecurity remains a serious concern.
  • In the Nzerekore Region of Guinea and in the central zone of Liberia, households are using fewer negative coping strategies compared to November. In other zones, levels of negative coping strategies have remained constant over the past month.
  • Generally, local rice prices are in seasonal decline and imported rice prices are stable or falling. Palm oil prices are stable or increasing in Liberia as markets resume, but they are falling in Sierra Leone, contrary to usual seasonal trends.
  • While wage-to-rice terms of trade are improving in most areas of Guinea and in southern and eastern Sierra Leone, they are declining in Liberia and in areas of Sierra Leone that are experiencing continued EVD transmission.