Favourable food security conditions prevail in most parts of the region following overall average to above average main harvests in 2013. However, over 7.1 million people were estimated to live in conditions of Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) in November 2013, including in Hiraan Agropastoral, Coastal Deeh Pastoral livelihood zones and Bari Region in Somalia. The conflict in South Sudan is significantly contributing to food insecurity in those areas.
In the last quarter of 2013, severe rainfall deficits have hit parts of Somalia. In the southern ones, the growing season remained severely affected by persistent and strong rainfall deficits leading to major declines in vegetation and crop and pasture development.
The cumulative impact of staple food price changes on the cost of the basic food basket from October to December 2013 was moderate.