9 November 2012
In July 2011, there was jubilation in South Sudan when the country become an independent nation. However, the challenges facing the world’s newest nation are immense in both scale and complexity.
South Sudan entered statehood as one of the most under-developed countries in the world. Some of the worst social indicators globally are found in the country, particularly among women. At least 80 percent of the population is income-poor, living on an equivalent of less than USD 1 per day. None of the public infrastructure required for growth is in place and State structures have only just been established and delivery systems across all sectors are either absent or dysfunctional.
Arguably the most fundamental concern facing the new nation is how to feed its people? Including, how to ensure an environment that can foster long term food security through peace and stability.
29 February 2012
The Annual Needs and Livelihoods Analysis 2011/12 report marks the first edition since South Sudan’s independence. Close to 4.7 million people are at risk of food insecurity, of whom approximately 1 million are estimated to be severely food insecure due to a convergence of three main factors: a cereal deficit of 473,000 tonnes attributable to poor production and large number of returnees, high food prices accentuated by trade restrictions between Sudan and South Sudan, and inter-communal conflicts.
Although the severely food insecure population did not change significantly from last year (11 percent this year versus 10 percent in 2011), the substantial increase in the moderately food insecure households from 26 percent to 37 percent is an early sign of a potentially precarious food security situation in 2012.