More on Sudan

What are the current issues in Sudan

The Republic of the Sudan remains a least-developed and a low-income food-deficit country. In the 2013 Human Development Index, Sudan ranked 166th out of 187 countries on the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) Human Development Index and as the fifth most food-insecure country according to the 2013 Global Hunger Index (GHI).

Sudan’s oil-dependent economy was severely weakened when it lost 75 percent of oil revenues following the separation of South Sudan in July 2011. Border issues with South Sudan have resulted in substantial economic instability and conflicts in three protocol areas of Abyei, Blue Nile and South Kordofan. 

Sudan remains one of WFP’s most complex humanitarian emergencies characterized by recurrent conflict, new and protracted displacement, regional insecurity, crisis levels malnutrition and food insecurity, chronic poverty and a deteriorating economy. 

Conflict, lack of access to land or income-generating opportunities and rising fuel and food prices have resulted in an estimated 4.5 million people in Sudan facing food insecurity of with an estimated 60 percent of them in Darfur. Across the conflict-affected region of Darfur, insecurity remains a key threat to people’s food security. Clashes during the planting and harvesting seasons have left huge tracts of lands uncultivated, further worsening the overall food security situation in the region.

A WFP Market Assessment in Darfur last year found that despite signs of recovery, the market environment remains fragile with most markets facing seasonal stresses. Concerns remain regarding insecurity, poor infrastructure, depleted household stocks, stressed purchasing power and accessibility. 

In the states of Blue Nile and South Kordofan, recent WFP food security assessments in government-held areas highlighted an improvement in overall food security, although internally displaced people in both states continued to be worse-off compared to residents whose food security has stabilized. In Abyei town, results of a rapid food and security nutrition assessment carried out in June 2015 in ten areas northeast of Abyei town indicate that the food security situation among communities living in these areas remains fragile following three consecutive poor harvests. The assessment also shows that 8.4 percent of children under five years of age are moderately malnourished and a high Global Acute Malnutrition rate of 11.4 percent persists among pregnant and nursing mothers. 

What the World Food Programme is doing in Sudan

In July 2015, WFP launched a new two-year plan in Sudan to provide 5.2 million people by mid-2017 with life-saving food assistance, nutrition support as well as recovery and resilience-building activities to help communities become self-reliant. Included in this group are 1.8 million displaced people in Darfur. 

Featured Sudan publications

  • Sudan: WFP Country Brief (PDF, 482 KB)

    A Country Brief provides the latest snapshot of the country strategy, operations, operational highlights (achievements and issues/challenges), partnerships and country background.

Looking for more publications on Sudan? Visit the Sudan publications archive.