In September, Sudan’s government lifted fuel subsidies, pushing both diesel and gasoline prices up by 75% and likely affecting food prices in the coming months in food deficit areas, due to higher transportation costs. An increase in the minimum wage was also announced to mitigate these effects. The depreciation of the Sudanese pound has already contributed to food inflation, assessed at 24% in July. When compared to the baseline (2008-12), leaping prices are noted in Sudan for sorghum (+66%) as well as wheat (+65%) and millet (+48).
Meanwhile, irregular rainfall in the surplus-producing East has raised the prospect of lower national food production. This will also likely contribute to heightened food prices in the country. FEWS NET estimates that the 2013 harvest in Sudan will likely be 15 to 20% below average.