Publications
Emergencies, Refugees and IDPs, Food for Assets, Gender, General Food Distribution, Nutrition, School Meals
6 March 2013

This country portfolio evaluation, managed by the WFP Office of Evaluation, covers the period 2010-2012 of WFP operations in Sudan and assesses:  i) the alignment and strategic positioning of WFP’s operations in the country; ii) the drivers of key strategic decisions; and iii) the performance and results of WFP operations.  During this period, WFP was the largest humanitarian actor in Sudan with more than 40% of the total consolidated appeal request.
The evaluation found the portfolio broadly aligned with core humanitarian principles and with the needs of food insecure populations and broadly integrated into the policies and priorities of Government.  WFP’s negotiation of access to affected populations was contested but ultimately provided the maximum possible coverage for assessments and food assistance.  While the transition from food aid to food assistance, through a focus on recovery interventions has begun, the pace and extent of this shift is limited by in-kind funding and the on-going scale of displaced populations in need of general food distribution in Darfur.  Four main recommendations focus on: i. improvements in partnership and coordination; ii. strategic shifts to longer-term planning; iii. improvements in monitoring, evaluation and assessments; and iv. further refinement of targeting.

Refugees and IDPs, General Food Distribution, Logistics, NGOs
11 October 2010

The Evaluation of the Emergency Operation in Sudan examines its relevance and result. It focuses on Darfur. The evaluation was conducted by three independent evaluators with fieldwork taking place in Sudan in March 2010. It found the operation was relevant to affected people and general food distribution was appropriate to circumstances in 2009. It was also efficient, incurring a lower cost per metric ton compared with other modalities that would also have required more skills from cooperating partners. The operation reached almost 100 percent of its beneficiaries: a major achievement given the difficult operating context, the expulsion of cooperating partners and a funding shortfall of 22 percent. The operation’s effectiveness was difficult to determine: corporate indicators had already been met by the time it was approved. The operation, the largest in Darfur, gives WFP a central role among its partners and enabled the affected population, particularly internally displaced persons, to engage in livelihood options that are less risky than those they would otherwise have had.

Refugees and IDPs, General Food Distribution, Logistics, NGOs
30 September 2010

The Evaluation of the Emergency Operation in Sudan examines its relevance and result. It focuses on Darfur. The evaluation was conducted by three independent evaluators with fieldwork taking place in Sudan in March 2010. It found the operation was relevant to affected people and general food distribution was appropriate to circumstances in 2009. It was also efficient, incurring a lower cost per metric ton compared with other modalities that would also have required more skills from cooperating partners. The operation reached almost 100 percent of its beneficiaries: a major achievement given the difficult operating context, the expulsion of cooperating partners and a funding shortfall of 22 percent. The operation’s effectiveness was difficult to determine: corporate indicators had already been met by the time it was approved. The operation, the largest in Darfur, gives WFP a central role among its partners and enabled the affected population, particularly internally displaced persons, to engage in livelihood options that are less risky than those they would otherwise have had.

Refugees and IDPs, Food Security Analysis
30 April 2009

The refugee caseload in Sudan is one of the longest protracted refugee situations in the world with refugees fleeing conflicts, drought and famine in neighbouring Eritrea and Ethiopia. More than 234,000 asylum seekers and refugees are living in refugee camps while others have been assimilated into the local communities. About 85% of the refugee populations in camps are hosted in Kassala state. Since 1967, WFP and UNHCR, in collaboration with the Government of Sudan through the Commission of Refugees (COR), have been providing humanitarian assistance to refugees in the East.