According to the 2012 vulnerability assessment, 115,713 people are facing food deficits, compared to 88,511 in 2011, following a 12 per cent decline in crop production in 2011/2012. According to the vulnerability assessment, some 42 per cent of rural households and 67 per cent of urban households cited price increase in prices as the primary shock they experienced. Swaziland has been experiencing relatively high inflation rates since June 2012 (at 8.72 per cent as of September 2012) coupled with an unemployment rate of 29per cent. Fuel prices are also increasing.
Torrential rainfall and cold weather has caused the death of some 8,000 cattle. The lean season peaks in September and October.