Continuing conflict in Syria has led to the internal displacement of 6.5 million people, while nearly 2.5 million refugees live in neighbouring countries. Half of the country’s population is now assessed as food insecure. Currency depreciation and supply chain disruptions have led to large food price increases.
The conflict continues to hinder the effective movement of goods and trade within Syria. WFP monitoring indicates that the price of bread has continued to increase due to bakeries’ reduced production capacity, wheat flour shortages and higher transportation costs. There are reports that at some government bakeries, the quantity of bread is rationed at 3kg per day per person. Government bakeries remain the main source of bread.
Widespread fuel shortages and fluctuation in diesel prices also contributed to higher prices for other basic food items, particularly vegetables, sugar, lentils, rice and vegetable oil. WFP monitoring indicates a sharp decrease in household consumption of vegetables, meat, dairy products and fruits.
Humanitarian access remains extremely challenging. In Al Hassakeh, one of Syria’s more vulnerable and isolated governorates, escalating insecurity has largely restricted trade and the distribution of assistance through 2013. Access roads to the governorate are controlled by armed groups, who levy informal taxes on traders, further contributing to sharp food price increases.