Tanzania, United Republic Of

WFP's storage facility in Dodoma has capacity to hold up to 12,000 metric tons of grain.

Copyright: WFP/Tala Loubieh

By Road From Tanzania To Somalia

How to get a consignment of maize from Tanzania to Somalia, some 2,000 kilometres away? This was one challenge facing the UN World Food Programme this year. Although both Somalia and Tanzania have sizeable coastlines and well-established ports, overland transport was the most viable option given geographical proximity of the maize to the people it was intended for.  


Tanzania is classified as a Least Developed Country (LDC) ranking among the lowest in the Human Development Index (HDI). About 80 percent of the population derives its livelihood from subsistent and predominantly rain fed agriculture. Some 28 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. Yet, over the last three years, Tanzania's economy grew at the rate of 7 percent annually, driven mainly by telecommunications, financial services, transport and construction. Growth has occurred largely in urban areas, with limited job opportunities. Additionally, the discovery of large reserves of natural gas and crude oil offers the promise a new and significant revenue stream for the Tanzanian economy.


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