Current issues and what the World Food Programme is doing
Tunisia is located on the Mediterranean coast of central North Africa, bordered by Algeria and Libya. Much of its economy is based on tourism and agriculture, alongside some industries that include manufactured goods and mining. Sparked by grievances including high unemployment and inflation, a revolution took place in Tunisia in January 2011 that resulted in much change. The government resigned and the country saw widespread civil protest, with an influx of refugees from neighbouring Libya adding to the strain.
Since then, Tunisia’s political transition made considerable progress with the resolution of a political deadlock and the adoption of a new constitution. Legislative and presidential elections were held between October and December 2014, a successful milestone in the democratic transition. The new government is focusing on strengthening its democracy while laying the groundwork for a stronger economic recovery.
What are the current issues in Tunisia
High unemployment and poor living conditions
According to the United Nations Human Development Report, Tunisia is ranked number 90 out of 187 countries with comparable data. Compared to other Arab states, Tunisia’s Human Development Index is above the regional norm. Despite this, high unemployment, poor living conditions are among the most prominent issues faced by the country.
What the World Food Programme is doing in Tunisia
The Tunisia School Feeding Development Project started in December 2013 when the Government of Tunisia requested WFP's assistance in improving the quality and sustainability of the country’s existing national school feeding programme, which provides nutritious meals to primary school children so that they can concentrate on their studies rather than on their stomachs. Since then, WFP's support has helped nearly 300,000 children – which will continue for three more years (2015-2019).
Our innovative approach to school feeding has enabled local produce to be served in school canteens, which fosters local development and empowers women in rural agricultural communities. The school feeding programme also uses school gardens to help educate the first generation of Tunisian children raised under democracy, teaching them about the country’s rich agricultural traditions, as well as allowing them to learn about environmental, health and nutrition concerns.
Featured Tunisia publications
A Country Brief provides the latest snapshot of the country strategy, operations, operational highlights (achievements and issues/challenges), partnerships and country background.
Looking for more publications on Tunisia? Visit the Tunisia publications archive.