Yemen is facing large-scale displacement, civil conflict, political instability, food insecurity, high food prices, endemic poverty, a breakdown of social services, diminishing resources and influxes of refugee and migrants. In 2013, WFP is aiming to provide almost 5 million people in 16 governorates with food assistance and is working to build communities’ resilience. In 2013, WFP conducted an Updated Food Security Monitoring Survey which found that 43 percent (10.5 million people) of the population is food insecure. Some 4.5 million of those people were found to be severely food insecure, unable to buy or produce the food they need, and 6 million are moderately food insecure.
Child malnutrition rates are among the highest in the world with close to half of Yemen’s children under 5 years, that is two million children, stunted and one million acutely malnourished.
The 2013 survey results uncovered an alarming decline in Yemen’s food security situation and nutritional status since the previous survey. Food security is defined as a situation in which all people, at all times, have access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious for a healthy life. In response, WFP scaled up its assistance in 2013 to ensure that the most food-insecure populations are receiving the assistance they need.