A Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) is a baseline survey that provides an in-depth picture of the food security situation and the vulnerability of households in a given country. It is conducted at normal times, and not during a crisis, in countries subject to vulnerabilities.
It answers the following key questions:
- Who are the food-insecure and vulnerable people?
- How many are there?
- Where do they live?
- Why are they food-insecure?
- What is the appropriate assistance to reduce vulnerability and food insecurity?
A CFSVA provides a breadth of information on the political, socio-economic and agro-ecological context, food supplies, markets, livelihoods, coping strategies, nutrition, health, education, etc. The analysis:
- identifies the root causes of food insecurity and vulnerability;
- provides an in-depth profile of food-insecure and vulnerable people, and their livelihoods;
- provides an analysis of markets, their functioning and price trends in the country;
- includes an analysis of risk (hazards, natural disasters, economic shocks, etc) and their potential impact on the most vulnerable.
Knowing in advance where the most vulnerable people are located and what causes their vulnerability facilitates the drawing-up of the first emergency needs assessments after a crisis strikes.
Since 2003, WFP has completed more than 80 baseline surveys worldwide.