Food Security Monitoring Systems (FSMS) track changes in people's food security situations.
They aim to alert the humanitarian community when a situation deteriorates and to ensure that assistance can be provided in a timely and appropriate way.
For example, an FSMS collects information on individual households' food consumption, their income and the strategies they develop to cope with difficult situations. It also monitors market prices and rainfall patterns. FSMS can trigger an Emergency Food Security Assessment, when the deterioration of a situation is detected.
WFP leads or facilitates around 20 Food Security Monitoring Systems in areas most at risk of vulnerability, in support of governments' early warning and disaster risk management strategies.