WFP commits to relevant, credible, accurate and timely emergency needs assessments that provide the foundation for the design of its operations. Therefore, it is constantly researching new ways to provide the most accurate and comprehensive analysis of food security

A series of reference documents such as desk reviews, research papers, case studies and workshop reports providing an in-depth understanding of a particular angle of  food security are available.

Significant research work was conducted under the Strengthening Emergency Needs Assessment Capacity (SENAC) project. The purpose of this three year project (2005-2008) was to reinforce WFP's capacity to conduct accurate, timely and impartial needs assessments during emergencies. Significant efforts were made to improve the methodology, capacity and transparency of needs assessments.

Between 2008 and 2010 the Enhanced Capacity in Food Security and Response Analysis project (ENCAP ) was carried out to further expand WFP's capacities and tools to support its move from a food aid to a food assistance agency, particularly for initial and advanced Emergency Food Security Assessments (EFSAs) and market analysis to support decisions on the most appropriate transfer mechanisms (food, cash, and/or vouchers).

ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Aid), the UK Department for International Development (DFID), the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ), the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the Citigroup Foundation, the Danish and French governments all provided financial support for this effort.