Tuberculosis and Nutrition
Food insecurity is also closely connected to TB. There is significant correlation between regions with high TB prevalence and high food insecurity.
Food and nutrition support breaks the vicious cycle through two key mechanisms:
- Food and nutrition activities support nutritional stabilization and recovery, resulting in increased immune system strength, faster sputum clearance and faster weight gain.
- Food and nutrition activities also support access and adherence to treatment. By providing food support to members of the community, health centres are able to reach more individuals, leading to increased case detection, better treatment uptake and greater treatment adherence.
Support can include food rations to people with active TB and their households as well as nutritional assessment, education and counselling to provide long-term solutions to food insecurity and malnutrition.