Hunger Hotspots

Facts, figures and the latest updates from WFP's high-profile emergencies.
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Logistics
4 February 2009

Democratic Republic of Congo

The airbridge of WFP food from Entebbe to Dungu has started on 30 January 2009 with two rotations per day. Clearance for the contracted Antonov 12 in Entebbe was obtained from aviation authorities in Kinshasa for the airlift operation.
28 January 2009

Zimbabwe

WFP will reach over 500,000 beneficiaries through its Safety Net activities that support school-based feeding, people affected by HIV/AIDS and mobile and vulnerable populations. The school-based programme, comprising 30 percent of the safety net beneficiaries, is dependent on the start of the school term which may be delayed. WFP’s cholera response has commenced in Manicaland and Masvingo provinces with onsite feeding under MSF-Luxembourg in five districts. So far 12,600 beneficiaries (patients and staff) have been assisted. In addition, WFP has established three new partnerships for cholera food support that will cater for beneficiaries in another seven districts.
28 January 2009

Sri Lanka

WFP is conducting a rapid needs assessment in Vavuniya to identify the needs for the IDPs in the Vanni, especially in the event of the mass influx of the IDPs into Vavuniya, Mannar and Jaffna escaping from the fighting. Some IDPs have started leaving the Vanni although the numbers are small at this stage. Due to lack of livelihood and deteriorating food security situation, it is estimated that the entire population of the Vanni, approximately 250,000 - 300,000 people may require food assistance.
22 January 2009

Kenya

On 16 January, the President of Kenya declared the severe drought and livelihood crisis a national disaster. He appealed to development partners for emergency food and non-food assistance. According to the appeal, 10 million people are facing acute food shortages as follows: 3.2 million in the drought-affected traditional EMOP areas; 850,000 children who require emergency school feeding; 3.5 million urban poor; and, 2.5 million people affected by HIV/AIDS, including orphans and children.   The main causes of the severe food insecurity include the poor performance of the recent rainy season, decimation of goats and sheep by peste de petits ruminants (PPR) in pastoral areas, the continued increase in food prices and escalating resource-based conflicts in pastoral areas. In addition, there is reduced resilience due to the cumulative effects of consecutive years of eroded coping strategies caused by drought, floods and conflicts.  WFP is preparing for a massive scale up of the EMOP from the current 1.4 million beneficiaries to 3.2 million from March. However, as the current figures are based on early warning information, food security assessments will be carried out in February to clarify the exact needs. Also, the appeal document included needs up to August 2009 but the marginal agricultural areas, which are worst affected, do not expect significant harvests until March 2010.
7 January 2009

Chad

January general food distributions to Sudanese refugees are due to begin on 6 January 2009 in 10 out of 12 refugee camps. Distributions in the two remaining camps (Amnaback and Mile) will begin on 11 January. WFP is planning to provide about 4,838 mt to some 251,661 Sudanese refugees.
7 January 2009

DRC

Peace talks between the DRC Government and the Congrès National pour la Défense du Peuple (CNDP) are set to resume on 7 January 2009.  However, the CNDP considers government forces are present in areas covered by a truce and requires this issue be solved.  In addition, unconfirmed reports on 5 January 2009 state that Laurent Nkunda has been ousted from his position of CNDP head. An outbreak of Ebola viral haemorrhagic fever occurred in Kasai Occidental and access to the area has been restricted.  WHO requested WFP/Inter-agency logistics service to airlift three vehicles and non-food items from Kinshasa to Kananga (Kasai Occidental) in response to the Ebola outbreak.  Two vehicles have already been transported.
7 January 2009

Ethiopia

Compilation of the national needs assessment report is underway. The various emergency task forces are currently reviewing the reports to identify 2009 emergency food and non-food needs. The Government of Ethiopia (GoE) has launched 24-hour port and warehouse operations due to port congestion and long truck turn around times. GoE has already instructed EFSRA, DMFSS, NGOS and other entities to open their warehouses accordingly.
7 January 2009

Sudan

While food dispatches to Darfur have improved after several months of difficulties caused by insecurity, rations for January will remain at the 67 percent mark given the fact that it is post harvest season. In addition, WFP are building up stocks in Darfur in preparation for the onset of the next rainy season.
6 January 2009

Kenya

The refugee operation continues to report an influx in the number of Somali refugees into Kenya that has been increasing steadily since 2006 resulting in congestion of the camps. The current population at the camp is 224,000 compared to 171,000 in January 2008. To address the operational constraints, UNHCR, UNICEF and WFP issued a press release on 12 November to raise concern over the growing numbers in the Dadaab refugee camp and to highlight the urgency for the establishment of a new camp. The rainy season continues countrywide with localized floods reported in the western parts of the country.  Road accessibility has also been affected with reports of trucks getting stuck in the mud between Garissa and Dadaab in the past week.
23 December 2008

Chad

WFP needs to preposition over 32,700 mt of food to cover EMOP beneficiaries’ needs for 5 months from July to November 2009. Given the six month lead time for food delivery to Chad coupled with the poor road conditions within the country, timely contributions are needed to commence 2009 preposition by early February 2009. As of June, roads in eastern Chad are officially closed due to rains blocking access to the refugee camps and IDP sites.

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