Hunger Hotspots

Facts, figures and the latest updates from WFP's high-profile emergencies.
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Responding to Emergencies
3 September 2009

Iraq

Distribution to other vulnerable groups besides internally displaced persons (IDPs) started in 14 governorates. It is expected that by the first week of October, implementation of all components of WFP food assistance will be operational. The country office will start a pilot school meals project early October, for primary schoolchildren in eight vulnerable districts of Diyala, Ninewa, Wassit and Sulaymaniyah governorates, with the distribution of fortified date bars produced in Egypt.
Responding to Emergencies
3 September 2009

Ethiopia

The Productive Safety Net Programme’s risk financing mechanism will provide two additional months of assistance to emergency affected Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) beneficiaries. Four million people will get one month food and one month cash, while 2.4 million will get two months cash.
Responding to Emergencies
3 September 2009

Chad

Floods were reported in Bongor (240 km south of Ndjamena) after heavy rain fall on 10 August, reportedly affecting over 1,100 families through floods. A similar situation was also reported in the suburb of Ndjamena on 27 and 28 August.  WFP continues to monitor the flood season and will take appropriate actions when necessary. UNHAS continues to face a serious financial pipeline break. Thanks to recent contributions from US Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (US$1 million), Central Emergency Relief Fund (US$350,000), Ireland (US$351,124), Sweden (US$500,000), and UK (US$825,723), the service will be sustained up to the end of October 2009. WFP hopes to receive additional contributions of US$2.7million in order to be able to continue the operation in November. United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) flight suspension would greatly affect the implementation of humanitarian operations, since most humanitarian workers will not be able to access refugee camps and IDP sites in Eastern Chad.
Responding to Emergencies
3 September 2009

Afghanistan

WFP has managed to dispatch food to Ghor province through commercial trucks convoys escorted by the Local Shura. First convoy of 13 trucks loaded with 250 mt food arrived to Shahrak districts of Ghor province safely. The second convoy of 24 commercial trucks carrying 530 mt of food left Hirat on 26 August and on the way to Shahrak district of Ghor province. The food is intended to feed 15,600 school students and 150 families under food for work activities. Similar type of convoys will be dispatched to other insecure areas based on the successful implementation of the convoys escorted through Community Shura Leaders. In the past week, WFP distributed emergency food assistance to 135 vulnerable families returned from Iran in Sozmaqala district of Sari-Pul province. WFP area office has conducted the assessment to identify the vulnerable returnee families. WFP along with other UN agencies is exploring projects assistance to enable them return to their places of origin for reintegration. 
Responding to Emergencies
28 August 2009

Yemen

WFP is expanding its operation to respond to the deteriorating humanitarian and security situation. The new planning figure is 150,000 persons while the previous 100,000. On 16 August, 35 mt of HEB were airlifted to Sana’a from Dubai. The humanitarian country team is elaborating a flash appeal for Sa’ada.WFP continues to face a total shortfall of US$20 million, some 36 percent of the overall US$55 million required in 2009. The shortfall will increase further as WFP expands the Sa’ada operation. Lack of funding has left beneficiaries under the Sa’ada and flood EMOPs with reduced rations in July. Since June the country programme has been put on hold without resources to continue through the remainder of the year (impacting 900,000 vulnerable Yemenis); and under the HFP EMOP, 40 percent of mothers and children will not receive nutrition assistance for 6 out of 12 planned months. Overall, in November, 1.3 million beneficiaries (out of 1.6 million planned) will not benefit from food assistance. General food distribution under the high food prices EMOP is going to cover August and September. The implementation of health activities is pending clearance from the Ministry of Health of weight and height measuring equipment. The security situation around Kharaz refugee camp remains volatile.
Responding to Emergencies
28 August 2009

Sudan

Darfur: Food distributions are continuing to more than 3.6 million beneficiaries in Darfur, including some 1.1 million beneficiaries in areas affected by the NGO expulsions. The overall number of people requiring food assistance has increased as the lean season deepens. Southern Sudan: Poor rainfall, continued high levels of insecurity and high cereal and low livestock prices have combined in Southern Sudan to create an urgent food security situation. The recently released Annual Needs and Livelihood Assessment (ANLA) Mid-Year Review for Southern Sudan estimates 1.5 million people face severe food insecurity. WFP must provide an additional 22,000 mt of food to reach an additional 300,000 people facing severe food insecurity in six of the most vulnerable states in Southern Sudan from August to December 2009.
Responding to Emergencies
28 August 2009

Somalia

Food Security Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) indicated an increase of number of people in needs. The nationwide inter-agency assessment mission led by FSNAU of FAO with the participation of WFP among other partners has concluded. FSNAU and partners shared the preliminary findings of post-harvest assessment on Friday 21 August.  The assessment indicates the number of Somalis in need of humanitarian assistance estimated   at 3.8 million, an increase by 17 percent since January 2009. The number of internally displaced Somalis due to ongoing conflict has risen by 39 percent up to 1.4 million within the same period.  Actions have been called for to increase humanitarian space and safety, which are critical in ensuring that a growing number of Somalis in need receive assistance.
Responding to Emergencies
28 August 2009

oPt

Between 16 and 22 August, 247.45 mt of food were distributed to 10,187 beneficiaries in Gaza in collaboration with bakeries and Oxfam.  WFP delivered 14 trucks (584 mt) of food commodities to the West Bank during the reporting period, and distributed over 562 mt of food to 31,202 beneficiaries in cooperation with the Ministry of Social Affairs (MoSA), Common Humanitarian Funds (CHF) and Catholic Relief Services (CRS).
Responding to Emergencies
28 August 2009

Kenya

WFP requirements over the next six months (September 2009 – February 2010) are 265,000 mt of food or US$230 million, to provide emergency food assistance to 3.8 million Kenyans affected by deepening drought and continued high food prices, as per the findings of the just-concluded long rains assessments. Assistance will be provided through general food distributions and food for assets. An additional number of children and/or women will be assisted through nutrition interventions. This will be an increase from the 2.6 million drought-affected Kenyans currently assisted through general food distributions/food-for-assets. The Kenyan government will support the new caseload of 1.2 million people until the end of October, when WFP will take over the entire caseload. WFP will also expand its school meals programme by 100,000 to reach nearly 1.2 million children across the worst affected areas. The Government of Kenya is also providing school meals to about half a million more children under their own school meals programme. Some of the worst affected Kenyans have been pushed to the edge and are struggling to survive. Many have reduced the number of meals per day, eat cheaper and less nutritious foods, migrated to urban centres and taken on massive debt. Cattle are dying, and acute malnutrition rates among children under 5 are over 20 percent in some areas – well above the 15 percent emergency threshold. Besides the expected dramatic increase in beneficiary numbers from September, the assessment has recommended an increase in ration sizes by 25 percent, from 50 to 75 percent of 2,100 kcal per person per day in some semi-arid districts, and from 75 to 100 percent in arid districts through general food distributions/food for assets.
Responding to Emergencies
28 August 2009

Syria

The fourth bi-monthly distribution cycle of 2009 (July/August) inside and outside Damascus was concluded on 10 August, with about 90 percent show-up rate. A total of 36,718 families, representing 134,072 individuals, were entitled to receive their rations. The food ration consisted of 25 kg of rice, 5 kg of pulses and 3.67 kg of oil (four-month ration for oil only). 

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