Hunger Hotspots

Facts, figures and the latest updates from WFP's high-profile emergencies.
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Responding to Emergencies
28 August 2009

Iraq

Five governorates started distribution to other vulnerable groups besides internally displaced persons (IDPs - Babel, Najaf, Wassit Missan and Diwaniya). It is expected that by the first week of October, implementation of all components of WFP food assistance will be operational in all the governorates. The country office will start a pilot school meals project after Ramadan, late September, for primary schoolchildren in eight vulnerable districts of Diyala, Ninewa, Wassit and Sulaymaniyah governorates, with the distribution of date bars produced and purchased in Egypt. Warehouse management training for CPs is scheduled to take place in Erbil at the end of September. The training will be facilitated by the Head of Logistics. 
Responding to Emergencies
28 August 2009

Ethiopia

Assessment findings revealed an alarming food-insecure situation in the region due to the poor performance of rain and the failure of maize production. Inaccessibility remains a major challenge to provide assistance as Trigol area is accessible only by boat, however, this option is not feasible due to prevailing security concerns. According to authorities, the current security situation on the Ethiopian side has reportedly improved. An urgent intervention is reportedly needed for 84,000 beneficiaries identified by a recent joint rapid assessment mission undertaken by WFP in July 2009. WFP has food allocated to Akobo stored in Wanthwa, however it was not possible to move it to Trigol.
Responding to Emergencies
28 August 2009

Congo, DR

WFP is carrying out an emergency operation in Orientale Province to assist more than 160,000 displaced people and has already air-dropped more than 1,000 t of food assistance into Dungu since May. WFP begins operations in Bas Uele. WFP has started a second wave of airdrops in Orientale Province. On 17 August 2009 an aircraft started two rotations per day (from Gulu in Uganda) to deliver a total of 157 mt of food assistance to 10,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) and host families in Dingila, Bas Uele. The operation will last one week. In Orientale Province, transport of food by road continues, but is hampered by the duration of the trips due to bad roads and bad weather. Several new road transport options are also being explored to supply sites in Haut and Bas Uele. WFP has established a logistics base in Aru, on the border with Uganda. Food will be transhipped at the Ugandan border and sent to distribution sites all along the route between Aru, Ariwara, Aba, Faradje and Dungu. Due to increased displacements of populations caught in fighting in South Kivu, WFP has doubled its food assistance to reach 250,000 people each month. WFP is currently distributing food assistance through partner Malteser International to more than 1,000 households per day in Ihembe. The Shabunda airlift operation in South Kivu was successful with 190 tons of food airlifted from Bukavu to Shabunda centre to assist 11,400 displaced people. Increasing insecurity is reported in Uvira territory, South Kivu, where around 50,000 displaced have been identified recently.
Responding to Emergencies
21 August 2009

Sudan

Darfur: Food distributions are continuing to more than 3.6 million beneficiaries in Darfur, including some 1.1 million beneficiaries in areas affected by the NGO expulsions. The overall number of people requiring food assistance has increased as the hunger season deepens. Negotiations are ongoing with new and existing NGO partners to cover gap areas that exist in Darfur. Short-term agreements have been signed with the Sudanese Red Crescent and Catholic Relief Services to cover some of the gap in West Darfur, and with Africa Humanitarian Action for North Darfur. This leaves nearly 60% under WFP direct management. WFP will continue to do joint distributions with partners while assessing and augmenting their capacities. South Sudan: The Annual Needs and Livelihood Assessment Mid-Year Review released in August for Southern Sudan confirms a troubling situation in the region where an estimated 1.5 million people face severe food insecurity.  Poor rainfall, continued high levels of insecurity and high cereal and low livestock prices have combined to create an urgent need for WFP to provide an additional 22,000 mt of food. The region’s overall global acute malnutrition (GAM) rate is 16.9% which is above emergency thresholds. The required additional 22,000 mt includes food for conflict-affected and displaced people in Akobo county, Jonglei State. 
Responding to Emergencies
21 August 2009

Sri Lanka

Heavy seasonal rains have caused flooding in parts of the largest IDP camp in Menik Farm, with unconfirmed reports suggesting that as many as 12,000 IDPs may have been impacted. Zone IV is reportedly the worst affected area due it being in a low lying area with inadequate drainage, and preliminary reports indicate that at least 600 are in need of food assistance. WFP carried out a 15-day direct food distribution to the IDPs in Zone IV, just two days before the rains began. 
Responding to Emergencies
21 August 2009

Somalia

MV Marwan and MV Semlow are expected to reach Mogadishu: MV Marwan H being loaded with 8,000 mt of food and MV Semlow carrying 850 mt mostly Inter-Agency NFIs was expected to arrive in Mogadishu on 14 August. Meanwhile a fleet of tugboats, barges, crane and dredging machine under a separate EU naval escort were expected to arrive in Mogadishu from Mombasa last weekend. The machines and facilities are for the Special Operation project aimed at port rehabilitation.
Responding to Emergencies
21 August 2009

oPt

Between 9 and 15 August 2009, 274 mt of food were distributed to 9,908 beneficiaries in Gaza in collaboration with bakeries and the Ministry of Social Affairs (MoSA). WFP delivered 15 trucks (615 mt) of food commodities to the West Bank during the reporting period, and distributed over 889 mt of food to 50,847 beneficiaries in cooperation with the MoSA and Common Humanitarian Funds.
Responding to Emergencies
21 August 2009

Kenya

A recent long rains assessment revealed that the season has generally failed in arid and semi-arid land leading to an increase in the number of people in need of food assistance.  It is indicated that currently an estimated 3.8 million people in these areas are facing acute food shortages and are in need of external support to prevent them from falling into a catastrophic humanitarian disaster. Assistance will be provided through general food distributions and food for assets. An additional number of children and/or women will be assisted through nutrition interventions as well as emergency school meals. Besides the expected dramatic increase in beneficiary numbers from September, the assessment has recommended an increase in ration sizes by 25 percent, from 50 to 75 percent of 2,100 kcal per person per day in semi-arid districts, and from 75 to 100 percent in arid districts through the general food distributions/food for assets
Responding to Emergencies
21 August 2009

Ethiopia

Results from the government-led Belg/Gu needs assessment undertaken in June to July 2009 are still to be released, though expected to reflect at least the projected needs of 6.2 million people presented to donors in July 2009. The government and partners will also update the Humanitarian Requirements document for 2009 to reflect the additional needs. According to the Catholic Relief Services (CRS), a critical nutritional situation in West Harerghe zone requires an immediate start of the fifth round of relief distributions. This is in line with the decision taken by the Food Management Task Force on 12 August. CRS/Joint Emergency Operation will start dispatching food to all distribution centres from 17 August to cover the requirements of 2.3 million people. For this round, approximately 2.8 million beneficiaries will be covered by The Disaster Risk Management Food Security Sector/WFP distributions in priority one and two areas.   
Responding to Emergencies
21 August 2009

Chad

The security situation is reported to be calm but unpredictable throughout the country. However, criminality and robbery incidents still remain the main threat to humanitarian activities in eastern Chad. General food distributions to the Central African refugees located in the Haraze transit sites (Salamat area) has been temporarily stopped due to the rains. Moving food from WFP warehouses in Haraze to the distribution sites is getting more and more difficult due to poor road conditions. WFP and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees are currently discussing with refugee leaders in order to find out a solution to these logistical constraints. The last convoy of over 1,500 mt from Khufra destined to the northern refugee camps have been received over the past week. To date, food prepositioning to cover the five months food requirement of over 250,000 Sudanese refugees, 188,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 150,000 local populations in eastern Chad is 100 percent completed.

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