Horn Of Africa Facing Another Year Of Hunger As Millions Battle For Survival

Published on 09 June 2009

ROME -- The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today warned that millions of people in the Horn of Africa are once again facing a deadly mix of persistent drought, poor seasonal rains, conflict, and the cost of food which remains high in many developing countries.  In addition, the impact of the global financial crisis is threatening to exacerbate levels of hunger and desperation across the region.

“We are knocking on the door of a major regional crisis,” said Ramiro Lopes da Silva, WFP’s Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa. “The situation is not getting better – if anything, we’re seeing it get worse. We must all redouble our efforts to protect and assist the weakest.”

WFP is currently providing food assistance to 17 million people in the Horn of Africa region.  But funding for many of its operations is low at a time when the numbers of hungry people in Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, northern Uganda and Djibouti are expected to rise in the coming months.  Humanitarian assistance is vital for people who are struggling to survive as they sell off assets in a bid to survive the successive years of drought and conflict, combined with the high price of food on local markets.

“Millions of people across the region are seeing their lives spiral steadily downwards as this frightening confluence of factors - all beyond their control - pushes them closer to destitution,” said Lopes da Silva.

Seasonal rains in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia have been weak and erratic. In Ethiopia, only 50 to 70 percent of land planned for planting was sown by mid-April as farmers awaited the rains. The picture is little different in Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands, and in Somalia cattle are already reported to be dying in large numbers. 

Food prices remain unusually high in many parts of the Horn, stretching family resources to breaking point. Although prices have come down in some places, cereal prices in some parts of Somalia at the start of the year were still up to eight times above normal levels. In Kenya, maize prices in March were 43 percent higher than last year.

Remittances to the region – a vital support system for many – have also fallen, in large part due to the global financial crisis. The urban poor are battling inflation on many everyday goods, while salaries remain static and employment is hard to find.

In the face of these growing challenges, WFP has a shortfall for its operations in the Horn of Africa of almost US$450 million over the next six months.

“We’re already reaching millions by using our limited resources intelligently and creatively, but there is no disguising the worrying gaps in our budget for our operations in the Horn. We appreciate that the global financial crisis is squeezing resources everywhere, but we are urging donors to step forward quickly and generously, before it is too late,” said Lopes da Silva.

Shortfalls in funding:

Operation Number of people 6-month shortfall
Ethiopia 8.6 million US$123.2 million
Kenya 3.7 million US$168.5 million
Somalia 3.5 million S$84.6 million
Uganda (Karamoja 1.1 million US$65.6 million
Djibouti 150,000 US$6.7 million