Bolivia is one of the poorest countries in Latin America: of its 9.5 million population, two thirds overall – 80 percent in rural areas – live below the poverty line. Over the last ten years, stunting in children under 5 has remained at 27 percent nationally and 37 percent in rural areas, exceeding 40 percent in the most food-insecure municipalities, according to the 2005 WFP consumption and nutrition survey.
This country programme uses a participatory approach involving the Government, civil society, United Nations agencies and cooperating partners. Its components are in accordance with the National Development Plan and United Nations Development Assistance Framework outcomes.
Three components include varying levels of direct food assistance and technical assistance: component 1 will be part of the government’s Zero Malnutrition National Programme and the National Programme for the Integrated Care of Children under 6, focusing on food-based interventions for children aged 2–5, with support for children under 2 limited to technical assistance; component 2 will provide food assistance for primary schoolchildren and street children; and component 3 will provide Government institutions with technical assistance in emergency preparedness and response.
The first year will be a transitional year; WFP will then move out of municipalities with moderate food insecurity to concentrate on those with the highest. Handover of activities to the Government will follow institutional strengthening and capacity-building at the municipal level, to ensure that those in need continue to receive assistance through government resources.
The intended outcomes are related to WFP Strategic Objectives 3, 4 and 5. The country programme will contribute to Millennium Development Goals 1, 2 and 4. Activities will focus on government capacity-building and development, to support the handover; the pace of transition will depend on the government’s success in taking over direct food assistance programmes.
It is expected that slightly more than US$10 million in multilateral resources will be available to provide 17,534 mt of food for 125,000 beneficiaries. WFP will seek funding beyond multilateral pledges to meet the additional requirements of US$7 million, to implement WFP’s components in the United Nations joint programme and to help the Government enhance its disaster response capacity.