Food assistance and early recovery for the population affected by the flood in Eastern Sri Lanka
An extension in time of the EMOP for a period for 6 months, covering the period from 1 August 2011 to 31 January 2012. No additional funding or resources are required under this extension.
Sri Lanka started to experience very heavy precipitation in mid-November 2010. The heavy downpour, at times coupled with thunder storms, resulted in landslides and widespread flooding in most areas of the island. Diverging from normal seasonal patterns, rainfall reintensified in early December and January, causing flooding and displacement, limiting physical accessibility, damaging crops (more than 130,000 hectares of paddy), agriculture equipment (over 1,000 irrigation tanks) and housing (4,500 houses destroyed and 170,000 partially damaged), and in other ways affecting the lives and livelihoods of an estimated 1 million persons. The 12 districts of Batticaloa, Anuradhapura, Monaragala, Nuwara Eliya, Kandy, Trincomalee, Ratnapura, Matara, Kilinochchi, Polonnaruwa, Mullaitivu and Ampara are flood-affectedat varying degrees.
Estimates vary but approximately 500,000 persons are believed to be displaced, including about 300,000 in camps/welfare centres. In Batticaloa alone, there are as many as 275 camps/welfare centres for the displaced, where people are totally dependent on external assistance. Other flood-affected persons have taken refuge with friends, relatives and host families within or outside their places of residence. This population – estimated at approximately 100,000 persons by mid-January – receives minimal humanitarian assistance.However, despite the large numbers of affected people, many are only partially and temporarily affected and have the capacity to cope and recover without needing food assistance, as water is receding and they can resume their normal livelihood activities. On request of the Government, the United Nations launched a Flash Appeal on 20 January for a period of six months requesting approximately US$51 million to assist affected people in 14 districts. WFP, as agreed with the Government, will focus its assistance in 5 of the most severely impacted districts (Ampara, Batticaloa, Trincomalee, Pollonarua and Anuradapura) for 500,000 persons. The operation will contribute to WFP Strategic Objectives 1 (save lives 1“Districts” are the largest administrative unit in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka has a total of 25 districts and an estimated population of 20,303,477 people (World Bank 2009).and protect livelihoods in emergency), and 2 (prevent acute hunger and invest in disaster preparedness and mitigation measures).