South Sudanese making the short boat ride to safety in the western Ethiopian river town of Burbe. South Sudan's Upper Nile state lies on these banks, across the Baro river. Many refugees have walked for days before reaching border points like this one.
Most refugees are children and women - like Elisabeth Nyapal (R), who recently arrived to Burbe. "We women are especially affected because our husbands and our brothers are dead," says Nyapal, a mother of six, who hails from South Sudan's Nasir County.
WFP is distributing three-day supplies of High Energy Biscuits to all new arrivals. The power-packed biscuits don't require any preparation and help tide refugees over until they reach the camps. In cases where they must wait longer for transportation, WFP distributes rations of wheat or sorghum, vegetable oil, pulses, sugar and salt.
New arrivals to Kule refugee camp, in western Ethiopia's Gambella region. Built earlier this year to accommodate an initial 20,000 refugees, Kule has since expanded to meet the massive influx. Today, Kule I and II camps together host nearly 60,000 refugees, with many of the latest arrivals coming from Burbe. They count among five camps in the Gambella area sheltering South Sudanese refugees.
WFP Ethiopia Country Director Abdou Dieng (R) recently visited Kule refugee camp with Nadine Feyder, Chargé d'Affaires for the Luxembourg Embassy in Ethiopia (in background), and spoke with humanitarian workers and refugees. Humanitarian assistance is essential, says Dieng, "but ultimately the solution (to South Sudan's crisis) is political."
At Kule, 25-year-old Bouk Ka awaits medical care for her sick infant. The young mother fled her home in Malakal, South Sudan, a few weeks ago. Her husband died in the conflict. Her six-month-old is called Nyukur - meaning "child born during wartime."
Loading up WFP food at Ethiopia's Gambella airport for an airdrop in South Sudan. Besides helping South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia, WFP Ethiopia has launched a cross-border operation to deliver roughly 40,000 metric tons of food - by air, truck and boat - to hungry people inside South Sudan through December, 2014. As the rainy season sets in, airdrops like this one will become increasingly important to reach needy people in remote and difficult-to-access areas.