Ghana currently ranks 135 out of 186 countries on the 2013 Human Development Index and is classified as a food-deficit country.  The discovery of oil and other positive economic developments led to the country’s classification as a lower-middle income country in 2010, but conditions in northern regions remain poor. Four out of ten children under five in these areas are stunted or chronically malnourished. In total, five percent of Ghana's population, or 1.2 million people, is hungry.