Assistance to Food Insecure Households Affected by Multiple Livelihood Shocks
This Operation has been modified and extended in time the project from March 2011 to November 2011;
The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is a small and sparsely populated, low income food deficit country (LIFDC).Natural disasters and the rapid implementation of certain national policies are affecting the livelihoods and food security of many already poor households and communities.
Droughts, flash floods and pest infestation regularly occur all over the country, requiring livelihood resilience support to affected communities. UXO (unexploded ordnance) contamination is still high along the Vietnamese border, limiting land availability for agriculture expansion.
Many communities in the north and east have lost a substantial part of their income through the successful eradication of opium poppy cultivation and have, thus far, not been able to adjust their livelihoods. All over the country, the livelihoods of communities are affected by implementation of the village consolidation and resettlement policy through which the Government aims at creating pre-conditions for the delivery of basic services.
There is evidence that HIV/AIDS is a threat that would affect the food security of families of infected people. While many poor, rural communities face recurring and even simultaneous livelihood shocks through natural disasters which lead to crop losses and thus food insecurity, policy induced shocks have caused communities to lose their entire livelihoods.
They have not received the anticipated support through targeted interventions. With their meagre economic asset buffers being rapidly depleted, they now face an acute livelihoods and food security crisis. Both groups are in need of relief and recovery assistance as measures to prevent hunger and recover from these livelihood shocks.
The main objectives of this PRRO are to prevent deterioration of the nutritional status, improve household food security, and build livelihood opportunities by providing food assistance to some 272,000 vulnerable food insecure people.
This will be done through:
relief assistance during the most critical times;
physical and human asset creation through Food for Work (FFW) and Food for Training (FFT) and c) support to HIV/AIDS patients and their families with an incentive to adhere to their anti retroviral treatment (ART).
These objectives will contribute to WFP Strategic Objective 2 and are in accordance with the UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2007-2011 and the Joint Statement on Aid Effectiveness in the Lao PDR (2006). To implement this operation, WFP will collaborate with the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare (MLSW), local departments of the Ministry of Communication, Transport, Post and Construction (MCTPC), UN agencies, bilateral and multilateral aid agencies and INGOs.