In Niger, Preventing Malnutrition During the Hunger Season
Published on 11 July 2012

Nana Aboubacar says she has a lot of milk for her baby when she eats the special fortified food she gets from WFP. Copyrights: WFP/ Stephanie Tremblay

During the lean season, WFP is providing special fortified food to prevent malnutrition to close to 1 million children under 2 as well as nursing mothers.

The small village of Assakaram is located over 1,000 km north east of the capital Niamey, somewhere between the cities of Agadez and Zinder.

To get there, you have to leave the main road and drive for at least an hour on unmarked desert trails. Assakaram is a cluster of simple mud brick houses, often surrounded by straw fences. Saying that life here is difficult is an understatement. People grow food on parcels of land that have more in common with sand pits than agricultural fields.   “This is millet,” a farmer and his wife proudly say of tiny green shoots emerging from the sand. Assakaram is isolated, extremely poor, and also representative of many communities the World Food Programme works with in Niger.

“All we have left to eat is this,” says Nana Aboubacar as a member of her family shows a handful of maize. Like everyone else in the village, her family are farmers. And like everyone else, last year’s harvest was bad so they make do with whatever food they can get. Maize is not her favorite food and she knows that eating only this day after day won’t give her all the vitamins and nutrients she needs to properly breastfeed her baby.

Two days earlier, WFP distributed Super Cereal, a fortified blend of corn and soya flour that is used to prevent malnutrition. Each household with children below the age of 2 or with breastfeeding mothers received a monthly ration of the highly nutritional product.

“Preventing and treating acute malnutrition is at the core of WFP’s response in the country,” said Darline Raphael, head of WFP’s nutrition unit in Niger. Malnutrition has always been a concern in the country, especially during the lean season.

Right now, WFP is working with the Government and its partners to reach close to 1 million children under the age of 2 and nursing mothers with monthly rations of Super Cereal and fortified oil to ensure they remain healthy through what is often called the hunger season. And why is prevention so important? Because malnutrition in the first 1,000 days of a child’s life can lead to irreversible damage to their minds and bodies.

Outside her house, with her baby in her arms and her other children watching, Nana Aboubacar demonstrates how to cook a porridge with the fortified food she received from WFP.
“When I eat this, I have a lot of milk for my baby,” she said. Her little girl wears a few “gris-gris” –charms given to her by the local marabout- to protect her from diseases. Aboubacar is convinced this helps keep her baby healthy, but she also knows that eating the Super Cereal every day is at least equally as important.

WFP Offices
About the author

Stephanie Tremblay

Public Information Officer

Stephanie Tremblay worked for WFP as a Public Information Officer.