Even though the GDP per capita is over US$4,500, there is still 10 million people (36.2% of total population) living under poverty line, and almost three million (12.6%) in extreme poverty because of the high level of inequity. At rural level, the extreme poverty is more than the double of the national average (25, 7%).
The inequity is reflected in the Gini coefficient, which is of 0,505, (National Institute of Statistic - INEI). More than 18% of children under five suffer from chronic undernutrition and over 37% have anemia. In the Huancavelica Department almost 50% of the children under five are undernourished whereas in the highlands the rate climbs to 80%. Insufficient access to food commodities, poor consumption patterns, inadequate child care, poor nutrition practices and low educational levels are the main causes of chronic undernutrition.
Approximately 11 million people (38%) do not cover their minimum daily calories intake (2,100Kcal). Fourteen out of 25 regions in the country are extremely vulnerable to child chronic undernutrition.
In Peru WFP works in saving lives and protecting livelihoods of the poorest people during emergencies, preventing chronic undernutrition, working on disaster preparedness and supporting communities to rebuild after conflicts and natural disaster. WFP also helps to reduce hunger and malnutrition, and by strengthening the capacity of the country to reduce hunger. Since 2001, WFP has invested over US$40 million to support around 240,000 people per year. WFP has also supported the Government of Peru (GoP) by purchasing 70,130 MT of food for their nutritional and food programmes for a value of US$93 million.
Over the last five years, WFP’s support programme to the Government of Peru has transitioned from food aid to food assistance. This implies to support government institutions in strengthening and developing the food security institutional capacities to improve the management of food and nutrition programmes. In emergency situations, WFP also supports the GoP with projects related to food security.
• MDG-F Programme: “Improving Nutrition and Food Security for the Peruvian Child: a Capacity Building Approach”
The purpose of this joint programme (WFP, FAO, UNODD, OPS and UNICEF) is to support GoP to accelerate the implementation of the National Strategy “CRECER” (To Grow). It does aim at reducing child undernutrition through coordinated actions among GoP and the private sector. The joint programme promotes and implements interventions, at regional and local level, to improve the nutrition of women and children through strengthened programmes and initiatives from different sectors based on a technical and analytical training programme aimed at community beneficiaries. The joint programme contributes to the achievement of five MDGs in 64 districts of four regions (Ayacucho, Huancavelica, Apurimac and Loreto). WFP is investing US$976,378 during the three-year project thanks to the donation of the Spanish Cooperation.
• Website Nutrinet Peru
WFP in Peru, under the Regional Nutrinet Website Programme, has developed Nutrinet Peru. It offers very extensive information about nutrition, health, hygiene and successful experiences on implemented food and nutritional programmes. It is addressed to three types of users: (i) professional/academics, (ii) implementers of nutritional programmes and (iii) the general public. Themes have then been desegregated by groups of interest.
In 2009, and thanks to the generosity of the German Quality Improvement Grant (GQIG), Nutrinet Peru was greatly enhanced through improvement of the contents quality and by increasing the number of items and sections. The website has now a different image, and it is easier to be utilized by the different users. Its design includes improved menus that lead to more intuitive and coherent browsing, facilitating the navigation. By now, Nutrinet Peru is one of the most important tools about knowledge in nutritional issues since its contents include the most relevant information to any public user and, the most important, they can access with just one click.