This Operation has been modified as per Buget revision 1.
Somalia has been without a functioning government for 20 years and is mired in one of the most complex and dire emergencies in the world. An estimated 2.85 million people (over one third of the population) are in need of emergency livelihood and life-saving assistance.
The entire population consistently faces a devastating combination of conflict, displacement, drought and high food prices. Vulnerability to food insecurity is widespread throughout the country due to limited access to resources and lack of governance in most of Somalia. Much of southern and parts of central Somalia are under the strict control of the militant Islamist group Al Shabaab, which denies access to WFP and other humanitarian organizations. Approximately 57 percent of the population in need (1.65 million) reside in these inaccessible areas. The remaining 1.2 million affected people are in WFP operational areas. The balance of the Somalia population is only slightly less vulnerable, and is classified as borderline food-insecure.
Failed Deyrrains in late 2010 have brought harsh drought conditions to much of Somalia leading to further displacement in addition to the already high level of displacements due to the ongoing conflicts. Global acute malnutrition rates have reached 30 percent in some areas of Somalia and remain at 16 percent nationally, which is above the World Health Organization’s emergency threshold of 15 percent.
High global and local food prices, coupled with low local food production due to coupled with low local food production due to conflict and current drought, are further limiting access to food.