The Kingdom of Swaziland is a landlocked and mountainous country, located between the republics of South Africa and Mozambique. It has a population of about one million people located on approximately 17,400 square kilometres of land. Although Swaziland is classified as a lower middle-income country, it currently faces challenges similar to low-income economies. Swaziland ranks 141 out of 187 countries in the 2012 UNDP Human Development Index. Forty percent of Swazis live below the poverty line, surviving on less than US$1.25 per day.