Emergency Food Security and Nutrition Support for the Vulnerable Population
This PRRO has been modified at BR No.5 (see below)
This PRRO is the central operation of WFP Yemen’s portfolio addressing very high food insecurity and malnutrition. It was developed in response to WFP’s 2010 Comprehensive Food Security Survey (CFSS), and as a follow-up to the emergency operation targeting vulnerable populations affected by high food prices. During its two-year duration (01 January 2011 to 31 December 2012), the PRRO aims to stabilize the acute food insecurity and malnutrition situation. Yemen is experiencing a humanitarian emergency: structural and acute challenges are compounded by the food, fuel and financial crisis, leaving many households trapped in poverty and hunger. Conflict in the north and civil unrest and refugee influxes in the south affect delivery of social services.
A recent food security survey indicates that 7.2 million people – 32 percent of the population – are food-insecure and 2.7 million people are severely food-insecure; 13 percent of children aged 6–59 months are wasted and 56 percent stunted. There is a significant correlation between household food insecurity, poverty and malnutrition among women and children.The incidence of poverty has increased by 25 percent since 2006: 43 percent of the population no longer have access to sufficient nutritious food.WFP initiated emergency assistance for the most vulnerable people in response to the recent global crises; protracted relief and recovery operation 200038 is the next step in addressing acute food and nutritional needs in line with the Government’s request.
The operation has three components: nutrition, which addresses acute malnutrition through blanket supplementary feeding for children aged 6–23 months and targeted supplementary feeding for malnourished children aged 6–59 months and malnourished pregnant and lactating women; an emergency food safety net complementing the national safety-net programme with take-home rations to ensure that the poorest households have sufficient food during the hunger season; and food for work, which aims to improve household access to food through rehabilitation of agricultural and public assets.
The two-year operation supports the Government in assisting vulnerable groups through a national safety net by creating a favourable policy framework for long-term solutions such as a national food security and nutrition strategy and local food production and fortification. The operation is in line with Strategic Objectives 1 and 5 and contribute to Millennium Development Goals 1,4 and 5.