Despite a decade of rapid and sustained economic growth after the devastating 1994 genocide, Rwanda remains highly vulnerable to food insecurity and malnutrition. Recurrent droughts, plant and animal diseases, inappropriate farming practices, and inadequate inputs significantly affect agriculture production.
Major regional uncertainties remain. Civil unrest and instability persists in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, and the political situation continues to be fragile in Burundi. About 45,000 refugees, mostly from Democratic Republic of Congo, continue to reside in camps in Rwanda.
The Congolese refugees are unlikely to repatriate quickly, due to the ongoing instability and lack of access to land.
Consequently, the PRRO has been designed to:
- support recovery of the most vulnerable groups through nutritional and livelihood support programmes;
- meet the daily food needs of refugees and returnees;
- provide additional relief assistance as required.
The PRRO implements the recommendations of the WFP/FAO/UNHCR Joint Needs Assessment mission in April 2006. It also incorporates the findings of the WFP 2006 Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Assessment. It supports the 2002-2006 Poverty Reduction Strategy and is consistent with ongoing discussion of the forthcoming Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy 2007-2011.
The operation complies with policy and programme directions agreed by the UN Country Team in Rwanda, and is consistent with WFP strategic objectives.
Rwanda has made remarkable economic progress since the 1994 genocide. Per capita incomes rose from US$140 in 1994 to US$343 in 2007. Rwanda’s macroeconomic performance has been good in recent years, despite major constrains. Between 2001 -2008, growth averaged 6.8 percent annually....