Strategic Focus of the WFP Development Project: Support to Education

About this Operation

Operation Documents

Resource Situation

This operation has been modified as per Budget revision 6 (see below).

This technical budget revision to development project (DEV 105810) “Support to Education” is intended to (i) offset existing negative balances in the current budget plan; and (ii) increase the food budget to include vegetable oil, accommodating a resource transfer from another WFP project. The specific actions proposed in this budget revision are the following:  Inclusion of 756 mt of vegetable oil to the food basket equivalent to US$552,636;  Increase external transport by US$2.7 million from US$6.2 million to US$8.9 million; 

Increase land, transport, storage and handling (LTSH) costs by US$2.1 million from US$5.9 million to US$8.1 million; 

Increase other direct operational costs (ODOC) by US$19,119 from US$2.02 million to US$2.04 million;   

Increase direct support costs (DSC) by US$109,000 and indirect support costs (ISC) by US$ 339,293. 

Malawi is a landlocked, resource-poor, rain-dependent and predominantly rural country. It has a high population growth rate and limited arable land. Over the past ten years, poverty levels have remained stagnant, with about half of the country’s 12 million citizens living on less than US$1 per day.

Problems in the education sector are high drop-out, absenteeism and repetition rates, and poor infrastructure and quality of education. The  drop-out rate is 16.1 percent at the national level, and ranges from 10.4 percent to 22.5 percent. Drop out increases sharply after standard 4 and is higher for girls than boys.

The main challenges for coming years are: increasing access to education in areas with low enrolment; increasing the proportion of children completing primary school; and improving the quality of education.

In Malawi, food insecurity has a significant impact on education. WFP is assisting the Government of Malawi through the school feeding component of Country Programme 10106 (2002 2006). In November 2006, an appraisal mission recommended that WFP continue supporting the government’s efforts to achieve its education-related goals, through a school feeding development project aligned with WFP Strategic Objective 4 and Enabling Development Priority 3 related to increasing access to primary education.

The project will assist 635,000 primary school students with on-site feeding throughout the school year. Of these children, 114,300 girls and orphaned boys in standards 5 to 8 will also receive take-home rations during part of the lean season.

The total food requirement over the four-year period is 70,104 mt; total WFP project cost is US$40.2 million almost 50 percent of which will be for food. The Government will contribute US$19.6 million as salaries for staff involved in the project and as a contribution to monitoring costs.

WFP’s exit strategy aims to build the capacity of the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training to implement its national school meals programme without external support. The Ministry’s implementation capacity will be assessed to identify requirements that WFP and its partners can provide to facilitate the hand-over of the project to the Government; monitoring is the first area of focus to be transferred. Other areas of focus are to build capacity in procurement, logistics and project management.