This operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 3 (see below).
In line with the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness: Ownership, Harmonisation, Alignment, Results and Mutual Accountability, this draft country programme supports government-led priorities, activities and initiatives to address hunger in Uganda. It has been developed through an extensive set of consultations with the Government, the United Nations country team in Uganda, non-governmental organizations and beneficiaries. Consultations were also conducted with Uganda’s major bilateral development partners, taking into particular account opportunities for South–South cooperation. As a result, the country programme is directly linked to the Government’s major recovery and development plans, filling gaps not met by other partners and drawing on WFP’s comparative advantages.
Since 1997 the Government of Uganda has promoted a development agenda based on its Poverty Eradication Action Plan, with generally positive consequences for welfare and hunger indicators. However, these improvements have not reached certain parts of the country. While food availability is not a major problem for the country as a whole, food access and food utilization are inadequate in many regions, including Karamoja, Acholi, Lango, Teso, West Nile and the Southwest. The precise causes of food and nutrition insecurity vary geographically and across livelihoods.
Recognizing these challenges, the country office in consultation with the Government and partners has developed a Country Strategy (2009–2014). The Strategy identifies three priority areas: 1) emergency humanitarian action; 2) food and nutrition security; and 3) agriculture and market support. A separate emergency operation and a protracted relief and recovery operation address the first priority area, responding to immediate crises. This country programme focuses on the second and third of these priority areas: supporting medium- and longer-term solutions to hunger.
Reaching up to 361,000 beneficiaries a year, activities for food and nutrition security address: disaster preparedness and mitigation, recovery and chronic hunger. Activities for agriculture and market support, which are tied closely to the Purchase for Progress initiative and target up to 211,000 beneficiaries annually, will focus on market infrastructure, post-harvest handling and local purchases.
At the end of the five-year country programme, it is envisioned that the following Country Strategy targets will have been achieved:
- Most post-conflict recovering households have become net food producers and chronic child hunger (measured by prevalence of stunting) has been cut by one-fifth.
- Farmers and traders are in a position to sell to WFP more than US$100 million annually in locally produced food.
The initiation of this country programme, a successor to country programme 104260, has been brought forward to more closely align it to the Government’s proposed National Development Plan and the new United Nations Development Assistance Framework cycle. It takes action to implement the new WFP gender policy. It also reflects the recommendations of recent evaluations and assessments and supports WFP Strategic Objectives 2 to 5.