Regional Emergency Operation: Assistance to Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons Affected by Insecurity in Mali

About this Operation

Operation Documents

Budget Revisions

This operation has been modified as per budget revision 7 (see below).

Following the outbreak of violence in the Gao, Kidal, and Timbuktu regions of Mali, hundreds of thousands of people have fled northern Mali and sought refuge with host communities and in refugee camps in neighbouring countries.  According to the latest figures from the Office of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 160,000 Malians have sought refuge in Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Niger, while 200,000 more are internally displaced in Mali. As conflict continues in northern Mali, the situation is expected to further deteriorate and pastoral populations are expected to migrate throughout the region in greater numbers. The situation has been exacerbated by an ongoing food crisis in eight countries in the Sahel, including Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Niger.  WFP estimates that 7 million people are in need of food assistance in these four countries and is responding to the drought through operations at the country level, guided by the WFP regional response framework for the Sahel.


Burkina Faso

 Burkina Faso is classified as both a least developed country and a low-income, food-deficit country. The UNDP 2006 Human Development Report ranked Burkina Faso 174nd out of 177 countries....


  Located in the heart of West Africa, Mali is a vast landlocked country in the Sahel region. The political and social situation improved during the last decade with peaceful democratic elections held since 1992....


Located in the arid Sahel region of West Africa, Mauritania is one of the world’s least developed countries. The population numbers just over 3.4 million, and the country is ranked 161st out of 187 countries in the 2014 UNDP Human Development Index, and 138th out of 147 in gender inequality....


Niger has a population of approximately 13 million inhabitants and was ranked 174 out of 177 countries by UNDP’s Human Development Index in 2008. Some 59.5 percent of the population is living below the poverty line. Agriculture is the engine of Niger’s weak economy, with 82 percent of the population relying on farming....