The East, Adamaoua, North and Far-North regions are the poorest in Cameroon. Furthermore, there has been a significant influx of refugees from the Central African Republic to the East and Adamaoua regions, and recently, from Nigeria to the North and Far-North regions, compounding pre-existing social and economic challenges. In March 2013, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees registered over a thousand new refugees from the Central African Republic in addition to the 87,000
already present. About 10,000 Nigerian refugees are hosted in the North and Far-North, regions already affected by recurrent drought and flooding. A February 2013 food assessment carried out by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and WFP found 38,900 severely food-insecure and 173,000 moderately food-insecure Cameroonians in the North and Far-North regions.
Cameroon is a low-income, food deficit country (LIFDC). It has 16 million inhabitants, with an annual demographic growth rate of 2.8 percent. Cameroon is ranked 144th out of 177 countries in the 2007 Human Development Report....