This operation has been modified as per budget revision 3 (see below)
Chronic food insecurity affects 2.5 million people in the Niger; millions more are affected by transitory food insecurity during lean seasons, leading to increased mortality among young children. Chronic malnutrition affects half of all children, and acute malnutrition rates reach the World Health Organization’s emergency threshold.
Poor households increasingly rely on coping mechanisms that drain their resources, limit human capital development and reduce their capacity to cope with shocks; the most vulnerable take one to three years to recover from a crisis. Assistance over an extended period is needed to lift communities out of extreme poverty and enhance their resilience to shocks.
Niger has a population of approximately 13 million inhabitants and was ranked 174 out of 177 countries by UNDP’s Human Development Index in 2008.
Some 59.5 percent of the population is living below the poverty line. Agriculture is the engine of Niger’s weak economy, with 82 percent of the population relying on farming....