A protracted crisis disrupts food production and destroys the foundations of people's livelihoods, eroding the social fabric of families and communities. With public institutions often in ruins, people must fend for themselves -- against the odds.
Vital infrastructure such as roads and irrigation systems may need to be completely rebuilt. After a flood or a drought, it can take a year before crops grow again. After conflict, landmines may prevent farmers from working the land. Food assistance can give people breathing space as they set about putting their lives back together again.
WFP's Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations (PRRO) help sustain disaster-hit communities as they re-establish livelihoods and stablise food security.
A PRRO is drawn up when it becomes clear that the 24-month assistance provided under a WFP emergency operation (EMOP) will not be enough. WFP's PRROs can include one or more of the following components.
- Food for education and training: WFP supplies food to encourage/support women, teenagers and ex-combatants as they learn new skills. The agency also supports the education of children in food insecure communities by providing nutritious meals at school as well as take-home rations for schoolchildren and teachers.
- Extended relief: provided for returning refugees, internally displaced people, the acutely malnourished and vulnerable households, such as single parent families or ones in which the normal breadwinners are suffering from sickness or disability.
- Relief for refugees: assistance for refugee populations, who live in a host area for a period of years without achieving self-sufficiency. Most of the food that feeds refugees in camps is supplied by WFP.
- Food for recovery: through the establishment of food-for assets programmes, PRRO's provide food for people whilst they rebuild damaged infrastructure and replant crops.
PRRO's have to be prepared six months before the EMOP expires to give time for resources to be mobilised and for the programme to be approved. They cannot last more than three years.