WFP draws-up Special Operations to speed-up the movement of food aid, regardless of whether the food is provided by the Agency itself. Typically, they involve logistics and infrastructure work and are designed to overcome operational bottlenecks. As the UN's leading logistics agency, WFP is well placed to resolve these problems.
Special operations can cover:
- repairs to roads, bridges, railways;
- repairs to airports, port infrastructure and equipment;
- intermittent airlifts;
- provision of common logistics services including Joint Logistics Centres and communications initiatives.
Such operations require input from a wide range of logistics experts, from those who upgrade ports and requisition warehouses, to truck drivers and telecom specialists.
Other organisations frequently rely on WFP logistics to reach the world's most hostile environments.
Special Operations are short-term in nature and usually complement emergency operations or longer rehabilitation projects (PRROs). Special operations are funded by donor appeals carried out separately from the plea for funds covered under an EMOP or a PRRO.